SBOS262E December   2002  – December 2016 TLV3491 , TLV3492 , TLV3494


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information: TLV3491
    5. 7.5 Thermal Information: TLV3492
    6. 7.6 Thermal Information: TLV3494
    7. 7.7 Electrical Characteristics: VS = 1.8 V to 5.5 V
    8. 7.8 Switching Characteristics
    9. 7.9 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Operating Voltage
      2. 8.3.2 Input Overvoltage Protection
      3. 8.3.3 Setting Reference Voltage
      4. 8.3.4 External Hysteresis
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 TLV3491 Configured as an AC-Coupled Comparator
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curve
      2. 9.2.2 Relaxation Oscillator
      3. 9.2.3 Power-On Reset
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Development Support
        1. TINA-TI™ (Free Software Download)
        2. DIP Adapter EVM
        3. Universal Op Amp EVM
        4. TI Precision Designs
        5. WEBENCH Filter Designer
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Community Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

Application Information

The TLV349x family of comparators features rail-to-rail input and output on supply voltages as low as 1.8 V. The push-pull output stage is optimal for reduced power budget applications and features no shoot-through current. Low supply voltages, common-mode input range beyond supply rails, and a typical supply current of 0.8 µA make the TLV349x family an excellent candidate for battery-powered applications with single-cell operation.

Typical Applications

TLV3491 Configured as an AC-Coupled Comparator

One of the benefits of AC coupling a single-supply comparator circuit is that it can block dc offsets induced by ground-loop offsets that could potentially produce either a false trip or a common-mode input violation. Figure 18 shows the TLV3491 configured as an AC-coupled comparator.

TLV3491 TLV3492 TLV3494 ai_ac_comparator_bos262.gif Figure 18. TLV3491 Configured as an AC-Coupled Comparator (Schematic)

Design Requirements

Design requirements include:

  1. Ability to tolerate up to ±100 mV of common-mode signal.
  2. Trigger only on AC signals (such as zero-cross detection).

Detailed Design Procedure

Design analysis:

  • AC-coupled, high-pass frequency
  • Large capacitors require longer start-up time from device power on
  • Use 1-µF capacitor to achieve high-pass frequency of approximately 159 Hz
  • For high-pass equivalent, use CIN = 0.5 µF, RIN = 2 kΩ

  1. Set up input dividers initially for one-half supply (to be in center of acceptable common-mode range).
  2. Adjust either divider slightly upwards or downwards as desired to establish quiescent output condition.
  3. Select coupling capacitors based on lowest expected frequency.

Application Curve

TLV3491 TLV3492 TLV3494 D100_SBOS561.gif Figure 19. AC-Coupled Comparator Results

Relaxation Oscillator

The TLV349x can be configured as a relaxation oscillator to provide a simple and inexpensive clock output, as Figure 20 shows. The capacitor is charged at a rate of 0.69 RC. It also discharges at a rate of 0.69RC. Therefore, the period is 1.38 RC. R1 may be a different value than R2.

TLV3491 TLV3492 TLV3494 ai_relax_oscillator_bos262.gif Figure 20. TLV349x Configured as a Relaxation Oscillator

Power-On Reset

The reset circuit shown in Figure 21 provides a time-delayed release of reset to the MSP430 microcontroller. Operation of the circuit is based on a stabilization time constant of the supply voltage, rather than on a predetermined voltage value. The negative input is a reference voltage created by a simple resistor divider.

These resistor values must be relatively high to reduce the current consumption of the circuit. The positive input is an RC circuit that provides a power-up delay. When power is applied, the output of the comparator is low, holding the processor in the reset condition. Only after allowing time for the supply voltage to stabilize does the positive input of the comparator become higher than the negative input, resulting in a high output state and releasing the processor for operation. The stabilization time required for the supply voltage is adjustable by the selection of the RC component values.

Use of a lower-valued resistor in this portion of the circuit does not increase current consumption because no current flows through the RC circuit after the supply has stabilized. The required reset delay time depends on the power-up characteristics of the system power supply. R1 and C1 are selected to allow enough time for the power supply to stabilize. D1 provides rapid reset if power is lost. In this example, the R1 × C1 time constant is 10 ms.

TLV3491 TLV3492 TLV3494 ai_reset_msp430_bos262.gif Figure 21. The TLV349x Configured as a Reset Circuit for the MSP430