SBVS305 March   2017 TLV703


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Internal Current Limit
      2. 7.3.2 Shutdown
      3. 7.3.3 Dropout Voltage
      4. 7.3.4 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Dropout Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Input and Output Capacitor Requirements
        2. Transient Response
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Power Dissipation
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Consideration
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
      2. 11.1.2 Device Nomenclature
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Community Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Detailed Description


The TLV703 series of low-dropout (LDO) linear regulators are low quiescent current devices with excellent line and load transient performance. These LDOs are designed for power-sensitive applications. A precision band-gap and error amplifier provides overall 2% accuracy. Low output noise, very high power-supply rejection ratio (PSRR), and low dropout voltage make this series of devices ideal for most battery-operated handheld equipment. All device versions have integrated thermal shutdown, current limit, and undervoltage lockout (UVLO).

Functional Block Diagram

TLV703 SBVS305_bd.gif

Feature Description

Internal Current Limit

The TLV703 internal current limit helps protect the regulator during fault conditions. During current limit, the output sources a fixed amount of current that is largely independent of the output voltage. In such a case, the output voltage is not regulated, and is VOUT = ICL × RLOAD. The PMOS pass transistor dissipates (VIN – VOUT) × ICL until thermal shutdown is triggered and the device turns off. As the device cools, the internal thermal shutdown circuit turns the device back on. If the fault condition continues, the device cycles between current limit and thermal shutdown; see the Thermal Consideration section for more details.

The PMOS pass element in the TLV703 has a built-in body diode that conducts current when the voltage at OUT exceeds the voltage at IN. This current is not limited, so if extended reverse voltage operation is anticipated, external limiting to 5% of the rated output current is recommended.


The enable pin (EN) is active high. The device is enabled when voltage at the EN pin goes above 0.9 V. The device is turned off when the EN pin is held at less than 0.4 V. When shutdown capability is not required, EN can be connected to the IN pin.

Dropout Voltage

The TLV703 uses a PMOS pass transistor to achieve low dropout. When (VIN – VOUT) is less than the dropout voltage (VDO), the PMOS pass device is in the linear (triode) region of operation and the input-to-output resistance is the RDS(on) of the PMOS pass element. VDO scales approximately with output current because the PMOS device functions as a resistor in dropout.

As with any linear regulator, PSRR and transient response are degraded when (VIN – VOUT) approaches dropout. Figure 12 illustrates this effect.

Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)

The TLV703 uses a UVLO circuit to keep the output shut off until internal circuitry is operating properly.

Device Functional Modes

Normal Operation

The device regulates to the nominal output voltage under the following conditions:

  • The input voltage is greater than the nominal output voltage added to the dropout voltage
  • The output current is less than the current limit
  • The input voltage is greater than the UVLO voltage

Dropout Operation

If the input voltage is lower than the nominal output voltage plus the specified dropout voltage, but all other conditions are met for normal operation, the device operates in dropout mode. In this condition, the output voltage is the same as the input voltage minus the dropout voltage. The transient performance of the device is significantly degraded because the pass device is in a triode state and no longer regulates the output voltage of the LDO. Line or load transients in dropout can result in large output voltage deviations.

Table 1 lists the conditions that lead to the different modes of operation.

Table 1. Device Functional Mode Comparison

Normal mode VIN > VOUT (nom) + VDO IOUT < ICL
Dropout mode VIN < VOUT (nom) + VDO IOUT < ICL
Current limit VIN > UVLO IOUT > ICL