The output voltage is calculated as:
For battery-powered applications, a high-impedance voltage divider should be used with a typical value for R2 of ≤200 kΩ and a maximum value for R1 of 2.2 MΩ. Smaller values might be used to reduce the noise sensitivity of the feedback pin.
A feedforward capacitor across the upper feedback resistor R1 is required to provide sufficient overdrive for the error comparator. Without a feedforward capacitor, or one whose value is too small, the TPS6104x shows double pulses or a pulse burst instead of single pulses at the switch node (SW), causing higher output voltage ripple. If this higher output voltage ripple is acceptable, the feedforward capacitor can be left out.
The lower the switching frequency of the converter, the larger the feedforward capacitor value required. A good starting point is to use a 10-pF feedforward capacitor. As a first estimation, the required value for the feedforward capacitor at the operation point can also be calculated using the following formula:
The larger the feedforward capacitor the worse the line regulation of the device. Therefore, when concern for line regulation is paramount, the selected feedforward capacitor should be as small as possible. See the following section for more information about line and load regulation.