SBVS245A October   2014  – March 2015 TPS706


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      2. 7.3.2 Shutdown
      3. 7.3.3 Reverse Current Protection
      4. 7.3.4 Internal Current Limit
      5. 7.3.5 Thermal Protection
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Dropout Operation
      3. 7.4.3 Disabled
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Input and Output Capacitor Considerations
      2. 8.1.2 Dropout Voltage
      3. 8.1.3 Transient Response
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Board Layout Recommendations to Improve PSRR and Noise Performance
      2. 10.1.2 Power Dissipation
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. Spice Models
      2. 11.1.2 Device Nomenclature
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

7 Detailed Description

7.1 Overview

The TPS706 series are ultralow quiescent current, low-dropout (LDO) linear regulators. The TPS706 offers reverse current protection to block any discharge current from the output into the input. The TPS706 also features current limit and thermal shutdown for reliable operation.

7.2 Functional Block Diagram

TPS706 fbd_bvs186.gif

7.3 Feature Description

7.3.1 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)

The TPS706 uses an undervoltage lockout (UVLO) circuit to keep the output shut off until the internal circuitry operates properly.

7.3.2 Shutdown

The enable pin (EN) is active high. Enable the device by forcing the EN pin to exceed VEN(HI) (0.9 V, minimum). Turn off the device by forcing the EN pin to drop below 0.4 V. If shutdown capability is not required, connect EN to IN.

7.3.3 Reverse Current Protection

The TPS706 has integrated reverse current protection. Reverse current protection prevents the flow of current from the OUT pin to the IN pin when output voltage is higher than input voltage. The reverse current protection circuitry places the power path in high impedance when the output voltage is higher than the input voltage. This setting reduces leakage current from the output to the input to 10 nA, typical. The reverse current protection is always active regardless of the enable pin logic state or if the OUT pin voltage is greater than 1.8 V. Reverse current can flow if the output voltage is less than 1.8 V and if input voltage is less than the output voltage.

If voltage is applied to the input pin, then the maximum voltage that can be applied to the OUT pin is the lower of three times the nominal output voltage or 6.5 V. For example, if the 1.2-V output voltage version is used, then the maximum reverse bias voltage that can be applied to the OUT pin is 3.6 V. If the 3.3-V output voltage version is used, then the maximum reverse bias voltage that can be applied to the OUT pin is 6.5 V.

7.3.4 Internal Current Limit

The TPS706 internal current limit helps protect the regulator during fault conditions. During current limit, the output sources a fixed amount of current that is largely independent of output voltage. In such a case, the output voltage is not regulated, and can be measured as (VOUT = ILIMIT × RLOAD). The PMOS pass transistor dissipates [(VIN – VOUT) × ILIMIT] until a thermal shutdown is triggered and the device turns off. When cool, the device is turned on by the internal thermal shutdown circuit. If the fault condition continues, the device cycles between current limit and thermal shutdown; see the Thermal Information section for more details.

The TPS706 is characterized over the recommended operating output current range up to 150 mA. The internal current limit begins to limit the output current at a minimum of 200 mA of output current.

7.3.5 Thermal Protection

Thermal protection disables the output when the junction temperature rises to approximately 158°C, allowing the device to cool. When the junction temperature cools to approximately 140°C, the output circuitry is again enabled. Depending on power dissipation, thermal resistance, and ambient temperature, the thermal protection circuit can cycle on and off. This cycling limits the dissipation of the regulator, protecting it from damage as a result of overheating.

Any tendency to activate the thermal protection circuit indicates excessive power dissipation or an inadequate heatsink. For reliable operation, limit junction temperature to 125°C, maximum. To estimate the margin of safety in a complete design (including heatsink), increase the ambient temperature until the thermal protection is triggered; use worst-case loads and signal conditions. For good reliability, thermal protection must trigger at least 35°C above the maximum expected ambient condition of the particular application. This configuration produces a worst-case junction temperature of 125°C at the highest expected ambient temperature and worst-case load.

The TPS706 internal protection circuitry is designed to protect against overload conditions. This circuitry is not intended to replace proper heatsinking. Continuously running the TPS706 into thermal shutdown degrades device reliability.

7.4 Device Functional Modes

7.4.1 Normal Operation

The device regulates to the nominal output voltage under the following conditions:

  • The input voltage is at least as high as VIN(min).
  • The input voltage is greater than the nominal output voltage added to the dropout voltage.
  • The enable voltage has previously exceeded the enable rising threshold voltage and has not decreased below the enable falling threshold.
  • The output current is less than the current limit.
  • The device junction temperature is less than the maximum specified junction temperature.

7.4.2 Dropout Operation

If the input voltage is lower than the nominal output voltage plus the specified dropout voltage, but all other conditions are met for normal operation, the device operates in dropout mode. In this mode of operation, the output voltage is the same as the input voltage minus the dropout voltage. The transient performance of the device is significantly degraded because the pass device is in the linear region and no longer controls the current through the LDO. Line or load transients in dropout can result in large output voltage deviations.

7.4.3 Disabled

The device is disabled under the following conditions:

  • The enable voltage is less than the enable falling threshold voltage or has not yet exceeded the enable rising threshold.
  • The device junction temperature is greater than the thermal shutdown temperature.

Table 1 shows the conditions that lead to the different modes of operation.

Table 1. Device Functional Mode Comparison

Normal mode VIN > VOUT(nom) + VDO and
VIN > VIN(min)
Dropout mode VIN(min) < VIN < VOUT(nom) + VDO VEN > VEN(HI) TJ < 125°C
Disabled mode
(any true condition disables the device)
VEN < VEN(low) TJ > 158°C