SBVS162B March   2011  – July 2015 TPS7A4001


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Internal Current Limit
      2. 7.3.2 Enable Pin Operation
      3. 7.3.3 Thermal Protection
      4. 7.3.4 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Dropout Operation
      3. 7.4.3 Disabled
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Adjustable Operation
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Capacitor Recommendations
        2. Input and Output Capacitor Requirements
        3. Bypass Capacitor Requirements
        4. Transient Response
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Board Layout Recommendations to Improve PSRR and Noise Performance
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
    4. 10.4 Power Dissipation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Community Resources
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

8 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

8.1 Application Information

One of the primary applications of the TPS7A4001 device is to provide transient voltage protection to sensitive circuitry that may be damaged in the presence of high-voltage spikes.

This transient voltage protection can be more cost-effective and compact compared to topologies that use a transient voltage suppression (TVS) block.

8.1.1 Adjustable Operation

The TPS7A4001 device has an output voltage range of about 1.175 to 90 V. The nominal output voltage of the device is set by two external resistors, as shown in Figure 13.

TPS7A4001 ai_adj_oper_bvs162.gifFigure 13. Adjustable Operation for Maximum AC Performance

Calculate R1 and R2 for any output voltage range using the formula shown in Equation 1. To ensure stability under no-load conditions, this resistive network must provide a current ≥ 10 μA.

Equation 1. TPS7A4001 q_r1_bvs162.gif

If greater voltage accuracy is required, consider the output voltage offset contributions because of the feedback pin current and use 0.1% tolerance resistors.

8.2 Typical Application

TPS7A4001 typ_app_bvs162.gifFigure 14. Example Circuit to Maximize Transient Performance

8.2.1 Design Requirements

For this design example, use the following parameters listed in Table 2.

Table 2. Design Parameters

VIN 12 V, with 55 V surge tolerance
VOUT 5 V (ideal), 4.981 (actual)
IOUT 28 mA
Accuracy 5 %
R1, R2 162 kΩ, 49.9 kΩ

8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure

The maximum value of total feedback resistance can be calculated to be 500 kΩ. Equation 1 was used to calculate R1 and R2, and standard 1% resistors were selected to keep the accuracy within the 5% allocation. 10-uF ceramic input and output capacitors were selected, along with a 10-nF bypass capacitor for optimal AC performance. Capacitor Recommendations

Low equivalent series resistance (ESR) capacitors should be used for the input, output, and bypass capacitors. Ceramic capacitors with X7R and X5R dielectrics are required. Ceramic X7R capacitors offer improved voltage and temperature coefficients, while ceramic X5R capacitors are the most cost-effective and are available in higher values.


High ESR capacitors may degrade PSRR. Input and Output Capacitor Requirements

The TPS7A4001 device high voltage linear regulator achieves stability with a minimum output capacitance of 4.7 µF and input capacitance of 1 µF; however, TI highly recommends to use 10-μF output and input capacitors to maximize AC performance. Bypass Capacitor Requirements

Although a bypass capacitor (CBYP) is not needed to achieve stability, TI highly recommends using a 10-nF bypass capacitor to maximize AC performance (including line transient, noise, and PSRR). For additional information regarding the performance improvements of using a bypass capacitor, see . Transient Response

As with any regulator, increasing the size of the output capacitor reduces overshoot and undershoot magnitude but increases the duration of the transient response.

The presence of the CBYP capacitor may greatly improve the line transient response of the TPS7A4001 device, as shown in Figure 1.

8.2.3 Application Curves

TPS7A4001 tc_line_trans_bvs162.gif
Figure 15. Line Transient Response vs CBYP
TPS7A4001 tc_load_trans_bvs162.gif
Figure 16. Load Transient Response