SLRS066D January   2014  – March 2016 TPL7407L


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Thermal Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Inductive Load Drive
      2. 7.4.2 Resistive Load Drive
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Inductive Load Driver
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. TTL and other Logic Inputs
          2. Input RC Snubber
          3. High-impedance Input Drivers
          4. Drive Current
          5. Output Low Voltage
        3. Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Unipolar Stepper Motschematic to correct Zener diode connection or Driver
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 Multi-Purpose Sink Driver
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
      1. 10.3.1 Improving Package Thermal Performance
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Community Resources
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information



7 Detailed Description

7.1 Overview

This device has proven ubiquity and versatility across a wide range of applications. This is due to it's integration of 7 low side NMOS transistors that are capable of sinking up to 600mA and wide GPIO range capability.

The TPL7407L comprises seven high voltage, high current NMOS transistors tied to a common ground driven by internal level shifting and gate drive circuitry. The TPL7407L offers solutions to many interface needs, including solenoids, relays, lamps, small motors, and LEDs. Applications requiring sink currents beyond the capability of a single output may be accommodated by paralleling the outputs.

The TPL7407L also enables pin to pin replacement with legacy 7 channel darlington pair implementations

This device can operate over a wide temperature range (–40°C to 125°C).

7.2 Functional Block Diagram

TPL7407L channel_diagram.gif

7.3 Feature Description

Each channel of TPL7407L consists of high power low side NMOS transistors driven by level shifting and gate driving circuitry. The gate drivers allow for high output current drive with a very low input voltage, essentially equating to operability with low GPIO voltages.

In order to enable floating inputs a 1MΩ pull-down resistor exists on each channel. Another 50-kΩ resistor exists between the input and gate driving circuitry. This exists to limit the input current whenever there is an over voltage and the internal Zener clamps. It also interacts with the inherent capacitance of the gate driving circuitry to behave as an RC snubber to help prevent spurious switching in noisy environment.

In order to power the gate driving circuitry an LDO exists. See Power Supply Recommendations for further detail on this circuitry.

The diodes connected between the output and COM pin is used to surpress kick-back voltage from an inductive load that is excited when the NMOS drivers are turned off (stop sinking) and the stored energy in the coils causes a reverse current to flow into the coil supply.

7.4 Device Functional Modes

7.4.1 Inductive Load Drive

When the COM pin is tied to the coil supply voltage, TPL7407L is able to drive inductive loads and supress the kick-back voltage via the internal free wheeling diodes.

7.4.2 Resistive Load Drive

When driving a resistive load, a pull-up resistor is needed in order for TPL7407L to sink current and for there to be a logic high level. The COM pin should be supplied ≥8.5V for full functionality.