SFFS028 June   2022 TMP112-Q1


  1.   Trademarks
  2. 1Overview
  3. 2Functional Safety Failure In Time (FIT) Rates
  4. 3Failure Mode Distribution (FMD)
  5. 4Pin Failure Mode Analysis (Pin FMA)

Failure Mode Distribution (FMD)

The failure mode distribution estimation for TMP112-Q1 in Table 3-1 comes from the combination of common failure modes listed in standards such as IEC 61508 and ISO 26262, the ratio of sub-circuit function size and complexity and from best engineering judgment.

The failure modes listed in this section reflect random failure events and do not include failures due to misuse or overstress.

Table 3-1 Die Failure Modes and Distribution
Die Failure ModesFailure Mode Distribution (%)

Serial Communication Error


ADC offset out of specification

ADC gain out of specification25%
ADC conversion output code bit error15%
ADC incorrect input channel selected5%
Register bank data bit error15%

Alert false trip, fails to trip


The FMD in Table 3-1 excludes short circuit faults across the isolation barrier. Faults for short circuit across the isolation barrier can be excluded according to ISO 61800-5-2:2016 if the following requirements are fulfilled:

  1. The signal isolation component is OVC III according to IEC 61800-5-1. If a SELV/PELV power supply is used, pollution degree 2/OVC II applies. All requirements of IEC 61800-5-1:2007, 4.3.6 apply.
  2. Measures are taken to ensure that an internal failure of the signal isolation component cannot result in excessive temperature of its insulating material.

Creepage and clearance requirements should be applied according to the specific equipment isolation standards of an application. Care should be taken to maintain the creepage and clearance distance of a board design to ensure that the mounting pads of the isolator on the printed-circuit board do not reduce this distance.