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Product details

Parameters

Number of series cells 1 Charge current (Max) (A) 3 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 17 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 4.1 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 4.4 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 28 Control topology Switch-Mode Buck Control interface Standalone Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (hot/cold profile) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 4 Rating Catalog open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Package | Pins | Size

WQFN (RTE) 16 9 mm² 3 x 3 open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Features

  • Standalone charger and easy to configure
  • High-efficiency, 1.2-MHz, synchronous switch-mode buck charger
    • 92.5% charge efficiency at 2A from 5-V input for 1-cell battery
    • 91.8% charge efficiency at 2A from 9-V input for 1-cell battery
  • Single input to support USB input and high voltage adaptors
    • Support 4.1-V - 17-V input voltage range with 28-V absolute maximum input voltage rating
    • Input Voltage Dynamic Power Management (VINDPM) tracking battery voltage
  • High integration
    • Integrated reverse blocking and synchronous switching MOSFET
    • Internal input and charge current sense
    • Internal loop compensation
    • Integrated bootstrap diode
  • 3.6-V / 4.05-V / 4.15-V / 4.2-V charge voltage
  • 3.0-A maximum fast charge current
  • 200-nA low battery leakage current at 4.5-V VBAT
  • 4.25-µA VBUS supply current in IC disable mode
  • Charge current thermal regulation at 120°C
  • Precharge current: 10% of fast charge current
  • Termination current: 10% of fast charge current
  • Charge accuracy
    • ±0.5% charge voltage regulation
    • ±10% charge current regulation
  • Safety
    • Thermal regulation and thermal shutdown
    • Input Under-Voltage Lockout (UVLO) and Over-Voltage Protection (OVP)
    • Battery overcharge protection
    • Safety timer for precharge and fast charge
    • Charge disabled if current setting pin ICHG is open or short
    • Cold/hot battery temperature protection
    • Fault report on STAT pin
  • Available in WQFN 3x3-16 package

All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Description

The BQ25300 is a highly-integrated standalone switch-mode battery charger for 1-cell Li-ion and Li-polymer, and LiFePO4 batteries. The BQ25300 supports 4.1-V to 17-V input voltage and 3-A fast charge current. The integrated current sensing topology of the device enables high charge efficiency and low BOM cost. The best-in-class 200-nA low quiescent current of the device conserves battery energy and maximizes the shelf time for portable devices. The BQ25300 is available in a 3x3 WQFN package for easy 2-layer layout and space limited applications.

The BQ25300supports 4.1-V to 17-V input to charge single cell batteries. The BQ25300provides up to 3-A continuous charge current to a single cell 1S battery The device features fast charging for portable devices. Its input voltage regulation delivers maximum charging power to the battery from input source. The solution is highly integrated with an input reverse-blocking FET (RBFET, Q1), high-side switching FET (HSFET, Q2), and low-side switching FET (LSFET, Q3).

The BQ25300 features lossless integrated current sensing to reduce power loss and BOM cost with minimized component count. It also integrates a bootstrap diode for the high-side gate drive and battery temperature monitor to simplify system design. The device initiates and completes a charging cycle without host control. The BQ25300 charge voltage and charge current are set by external resistors. The BQ25300detects the charge voltage setting at startup and charges the battery in four phases: battery short, pre-conditioning, constant current, and constant voltage. At the end of the charging cycle, the charger automatically terminates if the charge current is below the termination current threshold and the battery voltage is above the recharge threshold. When the battery voltage falls below the recharge threshold, the charger will automatically start another charging cycle. The charger provides various safety features for battery charging and system operations, including battery temperature monitoring based on negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor, charge safety timer, input over-voltage and over-current protections, as well as battery over-voltage protection. Pin open and short protection is also built in to protect against the charge current setting pin ICHG accidently open or short to GND. The thermal regulation regulates charge current to limit die temperature during high power operation or high ambient temperature conditions.

The STAT pin output reports charging status and fault conditions. When the input voltage is removed, the device automatically enters HiZ mode with very low leakage current from battery to the charger device. The BQ25300 is available in a 3 mm x 3 mm thin WQFN package.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Datasheet BQ25300 Standalone 1-Cell 17-V, 3.0-A Battery Charger datasheet Feb. 04, 2021
More literature BQ25300EVM EU RoHS Declaration of Conformity (DoC) (Rev. A) Mar. 09, 2021
User guide BQ25300, BQ25302, BQ25303J Evaluation Module (EVM) User's Guide (Rev. A) Mar. 05, 2021
Technical article When to use rechargeable batteries in small battery applications Oct. 01, 2019
Technical article Should I use a linear charger or a switching charger? Oct. 31, 2015
Technical article Summertime and the livin' is easy Jun. 20, 2014

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Hardware development

EVALUATION BOARD Download
document-generic User guide
49
Description
The BQ25300EVM evaluation module (EVM) is used to evaluate the BQ25300 device. This is a highly integrated 3-A standalone 1-cell, 17-V, 1.2-MHz synchronous switch mode buck battery charger.
Features
  • High efficiency 1.2-MHz synchronous switch mode buck charger
  • Single input to support USB input adapters
  • Input voltage dynamic power management (VINDPM)
  • 1-µA low battery leakage current with adapter unplugged
  • Supports 300-mA to 3-A charge current

CAD/CAE symbols

Package Pins Download
WQFN (RTE) 16 View options

Ordering & quality

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  • Ongoing reliability monitoring

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