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Product details

Parameters

Output options Adjustable Output Iout (Max) (A) 5 Vin (Max) (V) 40 Vin (Min) (V) 4.2 Vout (Max) (V) 32 Vout (Min) (V) 1.24 Noise (uVrms) 37 Iq (Typ) (mA) 0.045 Thermal resistance θJA (°C/W) 23 Load capacitance (Min) (µF) 0 Rating Catalog Regulated outputs (#) 1 Features Accuracy (%) 2.4 PSRR @ 100 KHz (dB) 10 Dropout voltage (Vdo) (Typ) (mV) 2700 Operating temperature range (C) 0 to 125 open-in-new Find other Linear regulators (LDO)

Package | Pins | Size

TO-220 (NDE) 3 47 mm² 10.16 x 4.58 open-in-new Find other Linear regulators (LDO)

Features

  • Specified 7-A Peak Output Current
  • Specified 5-A Output Current
  • Adjustable Output Down to 1.2 V
  • Specified Thermal Regulation
  • Current Limit Constant With Temperature
  • P + Product Enhancement Tested
  • Output is Short-Circuit Protected
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Description

The LM138 series of adjustable 3-terminal positive voltage regulators is capable of supplying in excess of 5 A over a 1.2-V to 32-V output range. They are exceptionally easy to use and require only 2 resistors to set the output voltage. Careful circuit design has resulted in outstanding load and line regulation, comparable to many commercial power supplies. The LM138 family is supplied in a standard 3-lead transistor package.

A unique feature of the LM138 family is time-dependent current limiting. The current limit circuitry allows peak currents of up to 12 A to be drawn from the regulator for short periods of time. This allows the LM138 to be used with heavy transient loads and speeds start-up under full-load conditions. Under sustained loading conditions, the current limit decreases to a safe value protecting the regulator. Also included on the chip are thermal overload protection and safe area protection for the power transistor. Overload protection remains functional even if the adjustment (ADJ) pin is accidentally disconnected.

Normally, no capacitors are needed unless the device is situated more than 6 inches from the input filter capacitors in which case an input bypass is needed. An output capacitor can be added to improve transient response, while bypassing the adjustment pin increases the ripple rejection of the regulator.

Besides replacing fixed regulators or discrete designs, the LM138 is useful in a wide variety of other applications. Because the regulator is floating and receives only the input-to-output differential voltage, supplies of several hundred volts can be regulated as long as the maximum input to output differential is not exceeded; do not short-circuit output to ground. The part numbers in the LM138 series which have a suffix are packaged in a standard steel TO-CAN package, while those with a suffix are packaged in a TO-220 plastic package. The LM138 is rated for TJ = –55°C to 150°C, and the LM338 is rated for TJ = 0°C to 125°C.

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Technical documentation

= Top documentation for this product selected by TI
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Type Title Date
* Datasheet LM138 and LM338 5-Amp Adjustable Regulators datasheet (Rev. C) Dec. 19, 2016
Application note A Topical Index of TI LDO Application Notes (Rev. F) Jun. 27, 2019
Technical articles LDO basics: capacitor vs. capacitance Aug. 01, 2018
Technical articles LDO Basics: Preventing reverse current Jul. 25, 2018
Technical articles LDO basics: introduction to quiescent current Jun. 20, 2018
Technical articles LDO basics: noise – part 1 Jun. 14, 2017
Application note AN-103 LM340 Series Three Terminal Positive Regulators (Rev. A) May 06, 2013
Application note AN-1148 Linear Regulators: Theory of Operation and Compensation (Rev. B) May 06, 2013
Application note Method For Cal Output Voltage Tolerances in Adj Regs (Rev. A) May 05, 2013
More literature Die D/S LM338 MDC 5 Amp Adj Regulator Sep. 25, 2012
Application note Packaging Limits Range of Linear Regulators May 08, 2010
Application note Digital Designer's Guide to Linear Voltage Regulators & Thermal Mgmt (LDO) (Rev. A) Jun. 04, 2008
Application note Add Kelvin Sensing and Parallel Capability to 3-Terminal Regulators Oct. 03, 2002
Application note Understanding the Terms and Definitions of LDO Voltage Regulators Oct. 21, 1999

Design & development

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CAD/CAE symbols

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TO-220 (NDE) 3 View options

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