Automotive Catalog Four-Channel Squib Driver



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Package | Pins | Size

HTSSOP (DCA) 48 101 mm² 12.5 x 8.1 open-in-new Find other Low-side switches


  • Quad-Channel Squib Drivers for Airbag Application
  • Loop Diagnostics Monitor and Reporting
  • Two Logic Inputs Providing Independent Safety Logic
    for Enabling/Disabling Deployment
  • Four Independent Thermally Protected High-Side Drivers That can Source
    Deployment or Diagnostic Current Level to Each Squib Load
  • Four Independent Avalanche Voltage and Thermally Protected Low-Side Drivers That
    Can Sink Deployment or Diagnostic Current Level From Each Squib Load
  • Each Output Capable of 1.2 A/1.75 A Firing Current for Typical 2 ms/0.5 ms
  • SPI Slave Interface for Serial Bus Communication with Parity Check
  • Firing VZx Voltage Range 10 V to 35 V, Transients up to 40 V
  • Programmable Firing Time up to 8.2 ms
  • Common Load Current Settings for All Deployment Loops, Using Registers
  • Individual Firing Current Timer Limit Set for Each Deployment Loop, Using Registers
  • Firing Current Timer to Monitor Firing CurrentOver Deployment Time for Each
    Deployment Loop
  • Independent Switch Control for Both High- and Low-Side Switches
  • Diagnostic Mode for Fault Checking
  • Internal Fault Monitoring for Safe Operation
  • A Multiplex-able Output Buffer for Analog Voltage Measurements
  • Use of External Clamping devices on Squib Pins is Not Required to Protect the
    Deployment ASIC Against Substrate Injection Effects During Deployment Due to
    Dynamic Shorts to Ground
  • An External Pin Connection to the Microprocessor ADC Supply for Ratio-metric
    Squib Resistance Measurement
  • 40-V Pin Capability on All Pins (Except GNDx, AGND, DGND, VCC5, VDDIO, AMX_OUT)
  • Operating Ambient Temperature Range: –40°C to 105°C
  • Thermally Enhanced 48-Pin TSSOP DCA PowerPad™ Package
    • Squib Drivers for Airbag Application

PowerPad is a trademark of Texas Instruments.

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The TPIC71004-Q1 is a quad channel squib driver for airbags deployment in automotive applications. Each channel consists of a high side and a low side switch with independent control logic for protection against inadvertent deployment. Both the high and the low side switches have internal current limits, over-temperature protection.

The IC registers are used for four channel configuration, control and status monitoring. To prevent inadvertent deployment, the high and the low side switches will be turned on only if the proper configuration sequence is used and multiple inputs to the deploy controller logic are at the correct level. The registers are programmed using a serial communications interface.

The maximum on time for each channel is limited by programmable Firing Time Out Timer to prevent excessive power dissipation. In addition, a current limit register is used to program the maximum current through the switches during a deployment. The current limitation on the low side switch is larger than the corresponding high side switch. During deployment, the low side switch will be full enhanced and operate with RDS_ON mode and the high side switch will be in current regulation mode.

The implemented diagnostic functions monitor deployment ASIC pin voltages to provide High Side switch test, Low Side switch test, squib resistance measurements, squib leakage measurement to battery, ground and between any squib channels. Furthermore, the squib leakage measurement is provided for both Zx and ZMx pins and does not require the squib load to be present to operate properly. Diagnostic information is communicated through the AMX_OUT pin (for analog signals) and SPI mapped status registers (for status signals latched in digital core).

The high-side and low-side squib drivers have a diagnostic level current limit and a deployment level current limit. The default current limit for high-side and low-side squib drivers is the diagnostic level current limit. The high-side switch deployment current limit for all high-side drivers can be set to either 1.2 A min or 1.75 A min (see Table 1) through SPI mapped registers, device EEPROM settings (see Table 2). The low-side switch deployment current limit is not programmable and is fixed to a level greater than the high-side driver current limit. The ON time duration for each individual squib driver can be programmed through SPI mapped registers.

The deployment sequence requires a specific set of software commands combined with external hardware enable logic lines (TZ0=H, IWD=L) to provide deployment capability. The turn-on sequence of the high-side driver and low-side drivers is software controlled via SPI commands, but the turn-off procedure is automatically provided by the deployment ASIC. After the programmed ON time duration has been achieved, the high-side switch is deactivated first then followed by the low-side driver deactivation by approximately 100µsec.

The RESET_N is an active low input reset signal. This input will be released high by the power supply unit and/or the µC once the external voltage supplies are within the specified limits. The external microcontroller is required to configure and control device through the serial communication interface. Reliable software is critical for the system operation.

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet Quad-Channel Driver for Airbag Deployment datasheet Feb. 10, 2011

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