Shunt based Ground Fault Protection for Inverters Powered from 220Vac Supply Reference Design
This product has been released to the market and is available for purchase. For some products, newer alternatives may be available.

Description & Features

Technical documentation

Support & Training

Order Now

See the Important Notice and Disclaimer covering reference designs and other TI resources.

Key Document


The TIDA-00442 TI design provides a reference solution for detecting  ground fault in inverter based drives. Inverter current is measured on both DC positive and DC negative bus using shunt resistors. Current on DC positive bus is measured using INA170 which is powered by low side switched buck converter. Current on DC negative bus is sensed using precision opamp’s. The difference between the two measured currents is compared against a fixed threshold to determine the ground fault condition using high speed comparators.

  • Shunt based current sensing for inverter control and protection
  • Rated to measure DC Link current of +/-20APK (Design tested for +/-5A)
  • High side current sense circuit with high common mode voltage of +450V supporting 220Vac mains powered drives
  • Calibrated high-side and low-side measurement error over operating temperature range of -10°C to 55°C < 1.5%:
  • Ground fault: (Minimum fault current detection of 300mA, Detection time of less than 50µs)
  • Designed to be interfaced with built-in 3.3V ADC of MCU

See the Important Notice and Disclaimer covering reference designs and other TI resources.


Schematic/Block Diagram

Quickly understand overall system functionality.

Download Schematic

Design Guide

Get results faster with test and simulation data that's been verified.

Download Design Guide

Design Files

Download ready-to-use system files to speed your design process. Get Viewer.

Download Design Files

TI Devices (6)

Order samples, get tools and find more information on the TI products in this reference design.

Part Number Name Product Family Sample & Buy Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
INA170  2.7 to 60V, bi-directional, 400kHz Variable gain current sense amplifier  Current sense amplifiers  Sample & Buy Not Available
LM4040  Fixed voltage, 45-µA, precision micropower shunt voltage reference  Voltage references  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
OPA2376  Dual, Precision, Low Noise, Low Quiescent Current Operational Amplifier   Operational amplifiers (op amps)  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
REF2033  3.3-V Vref, low-drift, low-power, dual-output Vref & Vref/2 voltage reference  Voltage references  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules
TLC372  Dual General Purpose LinCMOS™ Differential Comparator  Amplifiers  Sample & Buy Not Available
UCC28880  High voltage switcher for Non-isolated AC/DC Conversion  Offline & isolated DC/DC controllers & converters  Sample & Buy View Design Kits & Evaluation Modules

CAD/CAE symbols

Part # Package | Pins CAD File (.bxl) STEP Model (.stp)
INA170 Download Download
LM4040 Download
OPA2376 Download Download
Download Download
Download -
REF2033 Download -
TLC372 Download Download
Download Download
Download -
Download Download
UCC28880 Download Download

Texas Instruments and Accelerated Designs, Inc. have collaborated together to provide TI customers with schematic symbols and PCB layout footprints for TI products.

Step 1: Download and install the free download.

Step 2: Download the Symbol and Footprint from the CAD.bxl file table.

Technical documentation

See the Important Notice and Disclaimer covering reference designs and other TI resources.

User guide (1)
Title Type Size (KB) Date
PDF 4967 20 Aug 2015
Design files (6)
Title Type Size (KB) Date
ZIP 375 19 Jun 2015
ZIP 1257 19 Jun 2015
PDF 1481 19 Jun 2015
PDF 162 19 Jun 2015
PDF 38 19 Jun 2015
PDF 477 19 Jun 2015
Related Tools & Software

Design tools & simulation (1)

Name Part Number Tool Type
SPICE-based analog simulation program  TINA-TI  Simulation tool 

Models (2)

Title Category Type Size (KB) Date Views
TIDA-00442 Simulation of Normal Operation TINA-TI Reference Design ZIP 115 KB 14 Jun 2018
TIDA-00442 Simulation of Ground Fault Detection TINA-TI Reference Design ZIP 116 KB 14 Jun 2018

Support & training

TI E2E™ forums with technical support from TI engineers

Search our extensive online knowledge base where millions of technical questions and answers are available 24/7.

Search answers from TI experts

Content is provided 'AS IS' by the respective TI and Community contributors and does not constitute TI specifications.
See terms of use.

If you have questions about quality, packaging, or ordering TI products visit our Support page.

Technical articles