SLVSAW5C July   2011  – November 2015 DRV8803


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specification
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Output Drivers
      2. 7.3.2 Protection Circuits
        1. Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
        2. Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
        3. Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Parallel Interface Operation
      2. 7.4.2 nENBL and RESET Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Motor Voltage
        2. Drive Current
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Consideration
      1. 10.3.1 Thermal Protection
      2. 10.3.2 Power Dissipation
      3. 10.3.3 Heatsinking
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Community Resources
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

8 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

8.1 Application Information

The DRV8803 device can be used to drive one unipolar stepper motor.

8.2 Typical Application

DRV8803 typ_app_slvsaw5.gif Figure 7. Typical Application Schematic

8.2.1 Design Requirements

Table 1 lists the design parameters for this design example.

Table 1. Design Parameters

Supply Voltage VM 24 V
Motor Winding Resistance RL 7.4 Ω/phase
Motor Full Step Angle θstep 1.8°/step
Motor Rated Current IRATED 0.75 A
PWM frequency fPWM 31.25 kHz

8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure Motor Voltage

The motor voltage to use will depend on the ratings of the motor selected and the desired torque. A higher voltage shortens the current rise time in the coils of the stepper motor allowing the motor to produce a greater average torque. Using a higher voltage also allows the motor to operate at a faster speed than a lower voltage. Drive Current

The current path is starts from the supply VM, moves through the inductive winding load, and low-side sinking NMOS power FET. Power dissipation losses in one sink NMOS power FET are shown in Equation 1.

Equation 1. P = I2 × RDS(on)

The DRV8803 device has been measured to be capable of 1.5-A Single Channel or 800-mA Four Channels with the DW package and 2-A Single Channel or 1-A Four Channels with the PWP package at 25°C on standard FR-4 PCBs. The maximum RMS current varies based on PCB design and the ambient temperature.

8.2.3 Application Curves

DRV8803 30V_Rise.gif Figure 8. Current Ramp With a 16-Ω, 1-mH RL Load and VM = 8.2 V
DRV8803 OCP_Timing.gif Figure 10. OCP With VM = 8.2 V and OUT1 Shorted to VM
DRV8803 30V_Rise.gif Figure 9. Current Ramp With a 16-Ω, 1-mH RL Load and VM = 30 V
DRV8803 Tretry.gif Figure 11. OCP Separated by tRETRY With VM = 8.2-V and OUT1 Shorted to VM