SNVS787I January 2012 – August 2021 LM5018
The LM5018 uses Constant-On-Time (COT) control scheme, in which the on-time is terminated by an on-timer, and the off-time is terminated by the feedback voltage (VFB) falling below the reference voltage (VREF). Therefore, for stable operation, the feedback voltage must decrease monotonically, in phase with the inductor current during the off-time. Furthermore, this change in feedback voltage (VFB) during off-time must be large enough to suppress any noise component present at the feedback node.
Table 7-1 shows three different methods for generating appropriate voltage ripple at the feedback node. Type 1 and Type 2 ripple circuits couple the ripple at the output of the converter to the feedback node (FB). The output voltage ripple has two components:
The capacitive ripple is not in phase with the inductor current. As a result, the capacitive ripple does not decrease monotonically during the off-time. The resistive ripple is in phase with the inductor current and decreases monotonically during the off-time. The resistive ripple must exceed the capacitive ripple at the output node (VOUT) for stable operation. If this condition is not satisfied, unstable switching behavior is observed in COT converters, with multiple on-time bursts in close succession followed by a long off-time.
Type 3 ripple method uses Rr and Cr and the switch node (SW) voltage to generate a triangular ramp. This triangular ramp is ac-coupled using Cac to the feedback node (FB). Because this circuit does not use the output voltage ripple, it is ideally suited for applications where low output voltage ripple is required. See the AN-1481 Controlling Output Ripple and Achieving ESR Independence in Constant On-Time (COT) Regulator Designs (SNVA166) for more details for each ripple generation method.
LOWEST COST CONFIGURATION
REDUCED RIPPLE CONFIGURATION
MINIMUM RIPPLE CONFIGURATION