SNVS764Q January   2000  – December 2017 LP2950-N , LP2951-N


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Voltage Options
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information: LP2950-N
    5. 7.5 Thermal Information: LP2951-N
    6. 7.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Fixed Voltage Options and Programmable Voltage Version
      2. 8.3.2 High Accuracy Output Voltage
      3. 8.3.3 Low Dropout Voltage
      4. 8.3.4 Shutdown Mode
      5. 8.3.5 Error Detection Comparator Output
      6. 8.3.6 Internal Protection Circuitry
        1. Short-Circuit Protection (Current Limit)
        2. Thermal Protection
      7. 8.3.7 Enhanced Stability
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Operation with 30 V ≥ VIN > VOUT(TARGET) + 1 V
      2. 8.4.2 Operation with Shutdown Control
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1  1-A Regulator with 1.2-V Dropout
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Output Capacitor Requirements
          2. Input Capacitor Requirements
          3. Error Detection Comparator Output
          4. Programming the Output Voltage (LP2951-N)
          5. Reducing Output Noise
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2  300-mA Regulator with 0.75-V Dropout
      3. 9.2.3  Wide Input Voltage Range Current Limiter
      4. 9.2.4  Low Drift Current Source
      5. 9.2.5  5-V Current Limiter
      6. 9.2.6  Regulator with Early Warning and Auxiliary Output
      7. 9.2.7  Latch Off When Error Flag Occurs
      8. 9.2.8  2-A Low Dropout Regulator
      9. 9.2.9  5-V Regulator with 2.5-V Sleep Function
      10. 9.2.10 Open Circuit Detector for 4 → 20-mA Current Loop
      11. 9.2.11 Regulator with State-of-Charge Indicator
      12. 9.2.12 Low Battery Disconnect
      13. 9.2.13 System Overtemperature Protection Circuit
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 WSON Mounting
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Community Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Detailed Description


The LP2950-N and LP2951-N are very high accuracy micro power voltage regulators with low quiescent current (75 µA typical) and low dropout voltage (typical 40 mV at light loads and 380 mV at 100 mA). They are ideally suited for use in battery-powered systems.

The LP2950-N and LP2951-N block diagram contains several features, including:

  • Very high accuracy 1.23-V reference;
  • Fixed 5-V, 3-V, and 3.3-V versions; and
  • Internal protection circuitry, such as foldback current limit, and thermal shutdown.


  • Fixed 5-V, 3-V, and 3.3-V versions and programmable output version from 1.24 V to 29 V with an external pair of resistors;
  • Shutdown input, allowing turn off the regulator when the SHUTDOWN pin is pulled low; and
  • Error flag output, which may be used for a power-on reset.

Functional Block Diagrams

LP2950-N LP2951-N 854625.png Figure 33. LP2950-N Functional Block Diagram
LP2950-N LP2951-N 854601.png Figure 34. LP2951-N Functional Block Diagram

Feature Description

Fixed Voltage Options and Programmable Voltage Version

The LP2950-N and LP2951-N provide 3 fixed output options: 3 V, 3.3 V, and 5 V. Please consult factory for custom voltages. In order to meet different application requirements, LP2951-N can also be used as a programmable voltage regulator, with an external resistors network; please refer to Application and Implementation for more details.

High Accuracy Output Voltage

With special carful design to minimize all contributions to the output voltage error, the LP2950-N/LP2951-N distinguished itself as a very high output voltage accuracy micro power LDO. This includes a tight initial tolerance (0.5% typical), extremely good load and line regulation (.05% typical) and a very low output voltage temperature coefficient, making the part an ideal a low-power voltage reference.

Low Dropout Voltage

Generally speaking, the dropout voltage often refers to the voltage difference between the input and output voltage (VDO = VIN – VOUT), where the main current pass-FET is fully on in the ohmic region of operation and is characterized by the classic RDS(ON) of the FET. VDO indirectly specifies a minimum input voltage above the nominal programmed output voltage at which the output voltage is expected to remain within its accuracy boundary.

Shutdown Mode

When the SHUTDOWN pin is pulled to high level, LP2951-N enters shutdown mode and a very low quiescent current is consumed. This function is designed for the application which needs a shutdown mode to effectively enhance battery life cycle.

Error Detection Comparator Output

The LP2951-N generates a logic low output whenever its output falls out of regulation by more than approximately 5%. Please refer to Application and Implementation for more details.

Internal Protection Circuitry

Short-Circuit Protection (Current Limit)

The internal current limit circuit is used to protect the LDO against high-load current faults or shorting events. The LDO is not designed to operate in a steady-state current limit. During a current-limit event, the LDO sources constant current. Therefore, the output voltage falls when load impedance decreases. Note also that if a current limit occurs and the resulting output voltage is low, excessive power may be dissipated across the LDO, resulting in a thermal shutdown of the output. A fold back feature limits the short-circuit current to protect the regulator from damage under all load conditions. If OUT is forced below 0 V before EN goes high and the load current required exceeds the fold back current limit, the device may not start up correctly.

Thermal Protection

The device contains a thermal shutdown protection circuit to turn off the output current when excessive heat is dissipated in the LDO. The thermal time-constant of the semiconductor die is fairly short, and thus the output cycles on and off at a high rate when thermal shutdown is reached until the power dissipation is reduced. The internal protection circuitry of the device is designed to protect against thermal overload conditions. The circuitry is not intended to replace proper heat sinking. Continuously running the device into thermal shutdown degrades its reliability.

Enhanced Stability

The LP2950-N and LP2951-N is designed specifically to work with ceramic output capacitors, utilizing circuitry which allows the regulator to be stable across the entire range of output current with an output capacitor whose ESR is as low as 6 mΩ. For output capacitor requirement, please refer to Application and Implementation.

Device Functional Modes

Operation with 30 V ≥ VIN > VOUT(TARGET) + 1 V

The device operate if the input voltage is equal to, or exceeds VOUT(TARGET) + 1 V. At input voltages below the minimum VIN requirement, the devices do not operate correctly and output voltage may not reach target value.

Operation with Shutdown Control

If the voltage on the SHUTDOWN pin is higher than 1.3 V, the device is disabled. Decreasing shutdown below 0.7 V initiates the start-up sequence of the device.