SCES578J June 2003 – September 2017 SN74AUP1G14
Even low data rate digital signals can contain high-frequency signal components due to fast edge rates. When a printed-circuit board (PCB) trace turns a corner at a 90° angle, a reflection can occur. A reflection occurs primarily because of the change of width of the trace. At the apex of the turn, the trace width increases to 1.414 times the width. This increase upsets the transmission-line characteristics, especially the distributed capacitance and self–inductance of the trace which results in the reflection. Not all PCB traces can be straight and therefore some traces must turn corners. Figure 10 shows progressively better techniques of rounding corners. Only the last example (BEST) maintains constant trace width and minimizes reflections.
An example layout is given in Figure 11 for the DPW (X2SON-5) package. This example layout includes a 0402 (metric) capacitor and uses the measurements found in the example board layout appended to this end of this datasheet. A via of diameter 0.1 mm (3.973 mil) is placed directly in the center of the device. This via can be used to trace out the center pin connection through another board layer, or it can be left out of the layout