SLVS892F December   2008  – April 2019 TPS61175


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Switching Frequency
      2. 7.3.2 Soft Start
      3. 7.3.3 Overcurrent Protection
      4. 7.3.4 Enable and Thermal Shutdown
      5. 7.3.5 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Minimum ON Time and Pulse Skipping
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
        2.  Determining the Duty Cycle
        3.  Selecting the Inductor
        4.  Computing the Maximum Output Current
        5.  Setting Output Voltage
        6.  Setting the Switching Frequency
        7.  Setting the Soft-Start Time
        8.  Selecting the Schottky Diode
        9.  Selecting the Input and Output Capacitors
        10. Compensating the Small Signal Control Loop
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Development Support
      1. 11.2.1 Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Community Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Compensating the Small Signal Control Loop

All continuous mode boost converters have a right half plane zero (ƒRHPZ) due to the inductor being removed from the output during charging. In a traditional voltage mode controlled boost converter, the inductor and output capacitor form a small signal double pole. For a negative feedback system to be stable, the fed back signal must have a gain less than 1 before having 180 degrees of phase shift. With its double pole and RHPZ all providing phase shift, voltage mode boost converters are a challenge to compensate. In a converter with current mode control, there are essentially two loops, an inner current feedback loop created by the inductor current information sensed across RSENSE (40mΩ) and the output voltage feedback loop. The inner current loop allows the switch, inductor and modulator to be lumped together into a small signal variable current source controlled by the error amplifier, as shown in Figure 9.

TPS61175 ccm_boost_lvs892.gifFigure 9. Small Signal Model of a Current Mode Boost in CCM

The new power stage, including the slope compensation, small signal model becomes:

Equation 12. TPS61175 eq_gpw_lvs892.gif


Equation 13. TPS61175 eq_fp_lvs892.gif
Equation 14. TPS61175 eq2_fp_lvs892.gif
Equation 15. TPS61175 eq_frhpz_lvs892.gif


Equation 16. TPS61175 eq_he_lvs892.gif

He(s) models the inductor current sampling effect as well as the slope compensation effect on the small signal response. Note that if Sn > Se, for example, when L is smaller than recommended, the converter operates as a voltage mode converter and the above model no longer holds.

The slope compensation in TPS61175 is shown as follows:

Equation 17. TPS61175 eq_sn_lvs892.gif
Equation 18. TPS61175 eq_sn2_lvs892.gif
Where R4 is the frequency setting resistor

Figure 10 shows a Bode plot of a typical CCM boost converter power stage.

TPS61175 pwr_plot_lvs892.gifFigure 10. Bode Plot of Power Stage Gain and Phase

The TPS61175 COMP pin is the output of the internal trans-conductance amplifier. Equation 19 shows the equation for feedback resistor network and the error amplifier.

Equation 19. TPS61175 eq_h_lvs892.gif


Equation 20. TPS61175 eq_fp1_lvs892.gif
Equation 21. TPS61175 eq_fp2_lvs892.gif
C5 is optional and can be modeled as 10 pF stray capacitance.


Equation 22. TPS61175 eq_fz_lvs892.gif

Figure 11 shows a typical bode plot for transfer function H(s).

TPS61175 amp_plt_lvs892.gifFigure 11. Bode Plot of Feedback Resistors and Compensated Amplifier Gain and Phase

The next step is to choose the loop crossover frequency, fC. The higher in frequency that the loop gain stays above zero before crossing over, the faster the loop response will be and therefore the lower the output voltage will droop during a step load. It is generally accepted that the loop gain cross over no higher than the lower of either 1/5 of the switching frequency, fSW, or 1/3 of the RHPZ frequency, fRHPZ. To approximate a single pole roll-off up to fP2, select R3 so that the compensation gain, KCOMP, at fC on Figure 11 is the reciprocal of the gain, KPW, read at frequency fC from the Figure 10 bode plot, or more simply:

KCOMP(fC) = 20 × log(GEA × R3 × R2/(R2+R1)) = 1/KPW(fC)

This makes the total loop gain, T(s) = GPS(s) × HEA(s), zero at the fC. Then, select C4 so that fZ ≅ fC/10 and optional fP2> fC × 10. Following this method should lead to a loop with a phase margin near 45 degrees. Lowering R3 while keeping fZ ≅ fC/10 increases the phase margin and therefore increases the time it takes for the output voltage to settle following a step load.

In the TPS61175, if the FB pin voltage changes suddenly due to a load step on the output voltage, the error amplifier increases its transconductance for 8-ms in an effort to speed up the IC’s transient response and reduce output voltage droop due to the load step. For example, if the FB voltage decreases 10 mV due to load change, the error amplifier increases its source current through COMP by 5 times; if FB voltage increases 11 mV, the sink current through COMP is increased to 3.5 times normal value. This feature often results in saw tooth ringing on the output voltage, shown as Figure 13. Designing the loop for greater than 45 degrees of phase margin and greater than 10-db gain margin minimizes the amplitude of this ringing. This feature is disabled during soft start.