SLVS892F December 2008 – April 2019 TPS61175
The TPS61175 integrates a 40-V low-side switch FET for up to 38-V output. The device regulates the output with current mode pulse width modulation (PWM) control. The PWM control circuitry turns on the switch at the beginning of each switching cycle. The input voltage is applied across the inductor and stores the energy as inductor current ramps up. During this portion of the switching cycle, the load current is provided by the output capacitor. When the inductor current rises to the threshold set by the error amplifier output, the power switch turns off and the external Schottky diode is forward biased. The inductor transfers stored energy to replenish the output capacitor and supply the load current. This operation repeats each every switching cycle. As shown in Functional Block Diagram, the duty cycle of the converter is determined by the PWM control comparator which compares the error amplifier output and the current signal. The switching frequency is programmed by the external resistor or synchronized to an external clock signal.
A ramp signal from the oscillator is added to the current ramp to provide slope compensation. Slope compensation is necessary to avoid subharmonic oscillation that is intrinsic to the current mode control at duty cycle higher than 50%. If the inductor value is lower than 4.7 μH, the slope compensation may not be adequate.
The feedback loop regulates the FB pin to a reference voltage through a transconductance error amplifier. The output of the error amplifier is connected to the COMP pin. An external RC compensation network is connected to the COMP pin to optimize the feedback loop for stability and transient response.