SLVSFS4A December 2021 – June 2022 TPS92623-Q1
When the supply voltage drops below LED string total forward voltage plus headroom voltage at required current, the TPS92623-Q1 device operates in low-dropout conditions to deliver current output as close as possible to target value. The actual current output is less than preset value due to insufficient headroom voltage for power transistor. As a result, the voltage across the sense resistor fails to reach the regulation target. The headroom voltage is the summation of V(DROPOUT) and V(CS_REG).
If the TPS92623-Q1 is designed to operate in low-dropout condition, the open-circuit diagnostics must be disabled by pulling the DIAGEN pin voltage lower than VIL(DIAGEN). Otherwise, the TPS92623-Q1 detects an open-circuit fault and reports a fault on the FAULT pin. The DIAGEN pin is used to avoid false diagnostics due to low supply voltage.