SLUSBA7G December   2012  – June 2019

PRODUCTION DATA.

1. Features
2. Applications
3. Description
1.     Device Images
4. Revision History
5. Device Comparison Table
6. Pin Configuration and Functions
7. Specifications
8. Detailed Description
1. 8.1 Overview
2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagrams
3. 8.3 Feature Description
4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
9. Applications and Implementation
1. 9.1 Application Information
2. 9.2 Typical Application
1. 9.2.1 Driving IGBT Without Negative Bias
1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curve
2. 9.2.2 Driving IGBT With 13-V Negative Turn-Off BIAS
3. 9.2.3 Single-Output Driver
4. 9.2.4 Using UCC2753x Drivers in an Inverter
10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
11. 11Layout
12. 12Device and Documentation Support
13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

• DBV|5

#### 9.2.1.2.7 Power Dissipation

Power dissipation of the gate driver has two portions as shown in equation below:

Equation 1.

The DC portion of the power dissipation is PDC = IQ x VDD where IQ is the quiescent current for the driver. The quiescent current is the current consumed by the device to bias all internal circuits such as input stage, reference voltage, logic circuits, protections etc and also any current associated with switching of internal devices when the driver output changes state (such as charging and discharging of parasitic capacitances, parasitic shoot-through). The UCC2753x features very low quiescent currents (less than 1 mA) and contains internal logic to eliminate any shoot-through in the output driver stage. Thus the effect of the PDC on the total power dissipation within the gate driver can be safely assumed to be negligible. In practice this is the power consumed by driver when its output is disconnected from the gate of power switch.

The power dissipated in the gate driver package during switching (PSW) depends on the following factors:

• Gate charge required of the power device (usually a function of the drive voltage VG, which is very close to input bias supply voltage VDD due to low VOH drop-out)
• Switching frequency
• Use of external gate resistors

When a driver device is tested with a discrete, capacitive load it is a fairly simple matter to calculate the power that is required from the bias supply. The energy that must be transferred from the bias supply to charge the capacitor is given by:

Equation 2.

where

• CLOAD is load capacitor and VDD is bias voltage feeding the driver.

There is an equal amount of energy dissipated when the capacitor is discharged. During turnoff the energy stored in capacitor is fully dissipated in drive circuit. This leads to a total power loss during switching cycle given by the following:

Equation 3.

where

• ƒSW is the switching frequency

The switching load presented by a power FET and IGBT can be converted to an equivalent capacitance by examining the gate charge required to switch the device. This gate charge includes the effects of the input capacitance plus the added charge needed to swing the drain voltage of the power device as it switches between the ON and OFF states. Most manufacturers provide specifications of typical and maximum gate charge, in nC, to switch the device under specified conditions. Using the gate charge Qg, one can determine the power that must be dissipated when charging a capacitor. This is done by using the equivalence, Qg = CLOADVDD, to provide the following equation for power:

Equation 4.

This power PG is dissipated in the resistive elements of the circuit when the MOSFET and IGBT is being turned on or off. Half of the total power is dissipated when the load capacitor is charged during turn-on, and the other half is dissipated when the load capacitor is discharged during turn-off. When no external gate resistor is employed between the driver and MOSFET and IGBT, this power is completely dissipated inside the driver package. With the use of external gate drive resistors, the power dissipation is shared between the internal resistance of driver and external gate resistor in accordance to the ratio of the resistances (more power dissipated in the higher resistance component). Based on this simplified analysis, the driver power dissipation during switching is calculated as follows:

Equation 5.

where

• ROFF = ROL and RON (effective resistance of pull-up structure) = 3 x ROL