JAJSBZ4B June   2014  – January 2018 LM46001


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
    1.     Device Images
      1.      概略回路図
      2.      放射エミッションのグラフ VOUT = 3.3V、VIN = 24V、FS= 500kHz、IOUT = 1A
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Fixed-Frequency, Peak-Current Mode Controlled Step-Down Regulator
      2. 7.3.2  Light Load Operation
      3. 7.3.3  Adjustable Output Voltage
      4. 7.3.4  Enable (ENABLE)
      5. 7.3.5  VCC, UVLO, and BIAS
      6. 7.3.6  Soft-Start and Voltage Tracking (SS/TRK)
      7. 7.3.7  Switching Frequency (RT) and Synchronization (SYNC)
      8. 7.3.8  Minimum ON-Time, Minimum OFF-Time and Frequency Foldback at Dropout Conditions
      9. 7.3.9  Internal Compensation and CFF
      10. 7.3.10 Bootstrap Voltage (CBOOT)
      11. 7.3.11 Power Good (PGOOD)
      12. 7.3.12 Overcurrent and Short-Circuit Protection
      13. 7.3.13 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Stand-by Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Active Mode
      4. 7.4.4 CCM Mode
      5. 7.4.5 Light Load Operation
      6. 7.4.6 Self-Bias Mode
  8. Applications and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2.  Output Voltage Setpoint
        3.  Switching Frequency
        4.  Input Capacitors
        5.  Inductor Selection
        6.  Output Capacitor Selection
        7.  Feed-Forward Capacitor
        8.  Bootstrap Capacitors
        9.  VCC Capacitor
        10. BIAS Capacitors
        11. Soft-Start Capacitors
        12. Undervoltage Lockout Setpoint
        13. PGOOD
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Compact Layout for EMI Reduction
      2. 10.1.2 Ground Plane and Thermal Considerations
      3. 10.1.3 Feedback Resistors
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 11.1 デバイス・サポート
      1. 11.1.1 開発サポート
        1. WEBENCH®ツールによるカスタム設計
    2. 11.2 ドキュメントの更新通知を受け取る方法
    3. 11.3 コミュニティ・リソース
    4. 11.4 商標
    5. 11.5 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



Soft-Start and Voltage Tracking (SS/TRK)

The LM46001 has a flexible and easy-to-use start up rate control pin: SS/TRK. The soft-start feature is there to prevent inrush current impacting the LM46001 and its supply when power is first applied. Soft start is achieved by slowly ramping up the target regulation voltage when the device is first enabled or powered up.

The simplest way to use the device is to leave the SS/TRK pin open circuit. The LM46001 employs the internal soft-start control ramp and start up to the regulated output voltage in 4.1 ms, typically.

In applications with a large amount of output capacitors, or higher VOUT, or other special requirements, the soft-start time can be extended by connecting an external capacitor CSS from SS/TRK pin to AGND. Extended soft-start time further reduces the supply current needed to charge up output capacitors and supply any output loading. An internal current source (ISSC = 2.2 µA) charges CSS and generates a ramp from 0 V to VFB to control the ramp-up rate of the output voltage. VFB value is typically 1V and therefore it is not mentioned in the below equation. For a desired soft start time tSS, the capacitance for CSS can be found by:

Equation 2. LM46001 eq02_snvsa13.gif

The soft start capacitor CSS is discharged by an internal FET when VOUT is shutdown by hiccup protection due to excessive load, temperature shutdown due to overheating or ENABLE = logic low. A large CSS capacitor takes a long time to discharge when ENABLE is toggled low. If ENABLE is toggled high again before the CSS is completely discharged, then the next resulting soft-start ramp follows the internal soft-start ramp. Only when the soft-start voltage reaches the leftover voltage on CSS does the output follow the ramp programmed by CSS. This behavior looks as if there are two slopes at startup. If this is not acceptable by a certain application, a R-C low-pass filter can be added to ENABLE to slow down the shutting down of VCC, which allows more time to discharge CSS.

The LM46001 is capable of start up into prebiased output conditions. When the inductor current reaches zero, the LS switch is turned off to avoid negative current conduction. This operation mode is also called diode emulation mode. It is built-in by the DCM operation at light loads. With a prebiased output voltage, the LM46001 waits until the soft-start ramp allows regulation above the prebiased voltage. The device then follows the soft-start ramp to the regulation level.

When an external voltage ramp is applied to the SS/TRK pin, the LM46001 FB voltage follows the external ramp if the ramp magnitude is lower than the internal soft-start ramp. A resistor divider pair can be used on the external control ramp to the SS/TRK pin to program the tracking rate of the output voltage. The final external ramp voltage applied at the SS/TRK pin must be above 1.2 V to avoid abnormal operation.

LM46001 soft_start_track_snvsa13.gifFigure 37. Soft-Start Tracking External Ramp

VOUT tracked to an external voltage ramp has the option of ramping up slower or faster than the internal voltage ramp. VFB always follows the lower potential of the internal voltage ramp and the voltage on the SS/TRK pin. Figure 38 shows the case when VOUT ramps slower than the internal ramp, while Figure 39 shows when VOUT ramps faster than the internal ramp. Faster start-up time may result in inductor current tripping current protection during start-up. Use with special care.

LM46001 tracking_slow_snvsa13.gifFigure 38. Tracking With Longer Start-up Time Than the Internal Ramp
LM46001 tracking_fast_snvsa13.gifFigure 39. Tracking With Shorter Start-up Time Than the Internal Ramp