SLVAF41A March   2021  – November 2021 TPS61094


  1.   Trademarks
  2. 1Introduction of the Smart Meter
  3. 2The Traditional Power Solution of the Smart Meter
    1. 2.1 Connecting the Battery Directly
    2. 2.2 The Pure Boost TPS61094 or TPS610995 Solution
  4. 3The TPS61094 with Supercap Solution
    1. 3.1 TPS61094 Description
    2. 3.2 System Operation Description
  5. 4Solution Comparison
  6. 5Supercap Behavior and Design
    1. 5.1 Supercap Life Time
    2. 5.2 Supercap Leakage Currrent
    3. 5.3 Supercap Parameter Design in TPS61094 Solution
  7. 6Test Report Based on TPS61094 Solution
    1. 6.1 Test Waveform
      1. 6.1.1 NB-IoT Data Transmission
      2. 6.1.2 Supercap Charging
    2. 6.2 Efficiency
  8. 7References
  9. 8Revision History

System Operation Description

In the TPS61094 with supercap solution, the MCU doesn’t need to control the TPS61094. TPS61094 can switch between buck charging mode and boost mode automatically. It can boost the supercap to power the high pulse load at data transmission and then charge the supercap during standby mode.

By setting EN = High and MODE = High, the TPS61094 is enabled to work in the auto buck or boost mode. TI suggests to set output target voltage (setting by R1) is 3.3 V (> 3.6 V – 150 mV), which could help TPS61094 enter the buck charging mode automatically; set charging current to 5 mA, which could help get the maximum LiSOCl2 capacity, according to Figure 1-2; set charging terminal voltage to about 2 V, which could help supercap get lower leakage current and longer working life time.

TI suggests to add a series resistor (Rin) of about 40 Ω between LiSOCl2 battery and TPS61094 VIN pin. It could help limit the LiSOCl2 battery discharge current during data transmission. The LiSOCl2 battery discharge current is as

Equation 1. GUID-20210209-CA0I-ZNFS-CVLB-C9WLDQW8GTR1-low.gif

The TPS61094 operation is as shown in the Table 3-1. During stand-by operation in the smart meter, because input voltage is higher than output voltage + 100mV, the TPS61094 enters auto buck mode. The bypass MOS turns on and NB-IoT is powered by LiSOCl2. TPS61094 charges the supercap until it is fully charged. When the NB-IoT does the Rx / Tx transmission, there is a high pulse current at the output of TPS61094, because LiSOCl2 can’t support high pulse current, the input voltage will drop. When TPS61094 detects the input voltage is lower than output voltage + 100mV, the boost mode actives automatically. So the supercap mainly supports the high load current.

Table 3-1 The Operation in TPS61094 of the Supercap Solution
System operation Condition TPS61094 operation
Stand-by; low-current consumption Vin > Vout_target + 100mV

Active buck charging mode; charge supercap and keep it fully charged;

Bypass MOS turns on; Vout connects with Vin; NB-IoT is powered by LiSOCl2.

Doing Rx / Tx transmission

Vin >= Vout_target

Vout = Vout_target

Active boost mode; at high-pulse load, supercap mainly supports the load.