SSZTAQ1 october   2016 UCC28740


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Latif Ameer

Part one of this blog discussed basic needs of a Limited Power Source (LPS) and provided a brief overview of standards that govern LPS circuits.

To address the needs of protection and limiting, conventional power supplies as illustrated in Figure 1 rely on multiple feedback loops based on two or more optocouplers. These optocouplers transmit the load voltage, load current and open-fault information to the main controller – typically a flyback controller for wattages up to 150W. In addition, the current-sensing circuitry has external current-sense resistors, precision operational amplifiers for amplification and setting the constant current-constant voltage (CC-CV), and constant power feedback loops. Overall, discrete circuits have high component counts, use up valuable real estate on the board and add cost to the system.

GUID-FD500EBF-040C-4529-A3B6-99E3C823B5C0-low.jpg Figure 1 Typical Block Diagram Showing the Conventional Architecture of a 100W Industrial Power Supply

Figure 2 shows a proposed design architecture with reduced feedback loops. The architecture uses the UCC28740, a CC-CV flyback controller with optocoupled feedback for voltage and primary-side regulation (PSR) for constant current. The high level of integration of the controls in the UCC28740 controller aids in low component count design and reduced cost.

GUID-AD2BEB39-FA0D-4A6D-B25E-65147433D532-low.jpg Figure 2 Proposed Design Architecture with Reduced Feedback Loops

The two key benefits of this proposed architecture are:

  • Precise current and power limit, just with primary-side sensing. In the conventional approach shown in Figure 1,The output load current is sensed through discrete operational amplifier circuits and transmitted to main controller through opto-coupler. In some cases an additional opto-coupler is used for feedback redundancy. the output load current is directly sensed and the information is fed back to the flyback controller through a separate optocoupler circuit. The proposed architecture, on the other hand, uses cost-effective and reliable primary-side current sensing. A high degree of precision in the output-current limit is made possible by precision PSR current-sense techniques embedded into the UCC28740. The current limit causes the voltage foldback and ensures tight power limiting.
  • Cost-effective open-loop protection and feedback redundancy. The conventional approach shown in Figure 1 uses two feedback loops, both of which are based on optocouplers. The identical nature of these optocouplers and their associated circuitry bring in an additional risk of failure; each of the optocouplers can fail simultaneously under similar stress conditions, which can be detrimental.

The proposed architecture uses a single optocoupler feedback precision-output voltage control. A PSR circuit provides a redundant voltage-control loop. PSR activates during open-loop conditions such as failure in the optocoupler feedback network. Thus, output voltage is limited and regulated  to the value set by as  the primary-side feedback components.

The  60W, 24V High Efficiency Industrial Power Supply with Precision Voltage, Current and Power Limit highlights the performance results of precision current and voltage limiting. Figure 3 and Figure 4 show the results of the reference design board for precision current regulation and power foldback.

GUID-97477329-682F-4121-A226-7781CE4C59B7-low.jpg Figure 3 Precision CC-CV Operation
GUID-30E2AE5E-CBE2-4267-AB80-6F7B3F221166-low.jpg Figure 4 Precision Power Foldback Characteristics


IEC60950-1 Information Technology Equipment - Safety - Part 1: General Requirements

NFPA 70: National Electrical Code (NEC) standard