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Product details

Parameters

Number of series cells 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Charge current (Max) (A) 16.2 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 26 Cell chemistry Lead Acid, Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4, NiCd, NiMH, SuperCap Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 1.024 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 23 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 32 Control topology Switch-Mode Buck-boost Control interface I2C Features IC thermal regulation, ICO (Input Current Optimization), IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Integrated ADC, Power Path, USB C/PD compatible, USB OTG integrated, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3.5 Rating Catalog open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Package | Pins | Size

WQFN (RSN) 32 16 mm² 4 x 4 open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Features

  • Power path control through battery MOSFET implementing independent system voltage instant-on with no battery or depleted battery
  • 400-kHz/800-kHz programmable switching frequency for high efficiency/high power density
  • Buck-boost narrow voltage DC (NVDC) charger for USB-C Power Delivery (PD) interface platform
    • 3.5-V to 26-V input range to charge 1- to 5-cellbattery
    • Charge current up to 16.2 A/8.1 A with 128-mA/64-mA resolution based on 5-mΩ/10-mΩ sensing resistor
    • Input current limit up to 10 A/6.35 A with 100-mA/50-mA resolution based on 5-mΩ/10-mΩ sensing resistor
    • Support USB 2.0, USB 3.0, USB 3.1 and USB power delivery input current setting
    • Input Current Optimizer (ICO) to extract max input power without overloading the adapter
    • Seamless transition between buck, buck-boost, and boost operations
    • Input current and voltage regulation (IINDPM and VINDPM) against source overload
  • TI patented switching frequency dithering pattern for EMI noise reduction
  • TI patented Pass Through Mode (PTM) for system power efficiency improvement and battery fast charging achieving 99% efficiency.
  • Input and battery current monitor through dedicated pins
  • Integrated 8-bit ADC to monitor voltage, current and power
  • Battery supplements system when adapter is fully loaded
  • Battery MOSFET ideal diode operation in supplement mode
  • Power up USB port from battery (USB OTG)
    • 3-V to 24-V OTG with 8-mV resolution
    • Output current limit up to 12.7 A/6.35 A with 100-mA/50-mA resolution based on 5-mΩ/10-mΩ sensing resistor
  • I2C host control interface for flexible system configuration
  • High accuracy for the regulation and monitor
    • ±0.5% Charge voltage regulation
    • ±3% Charge current regulation
    • ±2.5% Input current regulation
    • ±2% Input/charge current monitor
  • Safety
    • Thermal shutdown
    • Input, system, battery overvoltage protection
    • Input, MOSFET, inductor overcurrent protection
  • Package: 32-Pin 4.0 mm × 4.0 mm WQFN
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Description

The BQ25730 is a synchronous NVDC buck-boost battery charge controller to charge a 1- to 5-cell battery from a wide range of input sources including USB adapter, high voltage USB-C Power Delivery (PD) sources, and traditional adapters. It offers a low component count, high efficiency solution for space constrained, 1- to 5-cell battery charging applications. The Narrow VDC buck-boost architecture avoid direct power path from input source to system voltage which implements wide input voltage range and narrow system voltage range at same time. Narrow system voltage range is valuable for faster battery supplement and lower MOSFET rating for next stage converter.

The NVDC configuration allows the system to be regulated based on battery voltage, but not drop below system minimum voltage. The system keeps operating even when the battery is completely discharged or removed. When load power exceeds input source rating, the battery goes into supplement mode and prevents the system from crashing.

During power up, the charger sets the converter to a buck, boost, or buck-boost configuration based on the input source and battery conditions. The charger seamlessly transitions between the buck, boost, and buck-boost operation modes without host control.

In the absence of an input source, the BQ25730 supports the USB On-the-Go (OTG) function from a 1- to 5-cell battery to generate an adjustable 3-V to 24-V output on VBUS with 8-mV resolution. The OTG output voltage transition slew rate can be configured to comply with the USB-PD 3.0 PPS specification.

The latest version of the USB-C PD specification includes Fast Role Swap (FRS) to ensure power role swapping occurs in a timely fashion so that the device(s) connected to the dock can avoid experiencing momentary power loss or glitching. This device integrates FRS in compliance with the PD specification.

TI patented switching frequency dithering pattern can significantly reduce EMI noise over the whole conductive EMI frequency range (150 kHz ~ 30 MHz). Multiple dithering scale options are available to provide flexibility for different applications to simplify EMI noise filter design.

The charger can be operated in the TI patented pass through (PTM) mode to improve efficiency over the full load range. In PTM, input power is directly passed through the charger to the system. Switching losses of the MOSFETs and inductor core loss can be saved for high efficiency operation.

The BQ25730 is available in a 32-pin 4mm × 4mm WQFN package.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet BQ25730 I2C 1- to 5-Cell Buck-Boost Narrow VDC Battery Charge Controller datasheet Feb. 04, 2021
Certificate BQ25730EVM EU RoHS Declaration of Conformity (DoC) Feb. 16, 2021
User guide BQ2573x Evaluation Module (Rev. A) Jan. 19, 2021
Technical article When to use rechargeable batteries in small battery applications Oct. 01, 2019
Technical article Should I use a linear charger or a switching charger? Oct. 31, 2015
Technical article Summertime and the livin' is easy Jun. 20, 2014

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Hardware development

EVALUATION BOARD Download
document-generic User guide
149
Description
The BQ25730EVM evaluation module (EVM) is an I2C controlled NVDC (narrow voltage DC) buck boost charge controller with N-channel MOSFET selector and current monitoring. The input voltage range, for the buck converter, is between 3.5 V and 26 V, with a programmable output of 1 to 5 cells and a charge (...)
Features
  • Host-controlled NVDC 1S to 5S battery buck boost charger with 3.5-V to 26-V input; 1-V to 23-V charging output and 3-V to 24-V OTG output.
  • Supports USB 2.0, USB 3.0, USB 3.1 ( USB Type-C™) and USB_PD platforms
  • Supports 5-mΩ current sense for high current, high efficiency
  • Support 400-kHz or 800-kHz (...)

Software development

APPLICATION SOFTWARE & FRAMEWORK Download
GUI software for use with USB2ANY and battery charging evaluation modules
TI-CHARGER-GUI — The TI-CHARGER-GUI offers a web-based or standalone graphical user interface to assist in the process of evaluating, designing with, configuring or testing battery charger products. The software provides full access to registers and an easy interface to send and sequence commands.
Features
  • Web-based or standalone GUI with easy to follow graphic instructions
  • Configures supported battery charger evaluation modules (EVMs) through USB2ANY interface adaptor
  • Easy to navigate pages organized by functional groupings
  • Supports sequenced I2C or SMBus commands

CAD/CAE symbols

Package Pins Download
QFN (RSN) 32 View options

Ordering & quality

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