Functional safety-compliant multi-rail power supply for safety MCUs for Q100 grade-0 applications



Product details


Regulated outputs (#) 5 Vin (Min) (V) 2.3 Vin (Max) (V) 40 Iout (Max) (A) 1 TI functional safety category Functional Safety-Compliant Step-down DC/DC controller 0 Step-down DC/DC converter 0 Step-up DC/DC controller 0 Step-up DC/DC converter 0 LDO 4 Iq (Typ) (mA) 0.036 Features Safety Power Supply, Diagnostics, MCU Interface, System Monitoring Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 150 Rating Automotive Processor name Safety Power Supply, Diagnostics, MCU Interface, System Monitoring Processor supplier Infineon, NXP, STMicro, Renesas, TI open-in-new Find other Multi-channel ICs (PMIC)

Package | Pins | Size

HTSSOP (DCA) 48 101 mm² 12.5 x 8.1 open-in-new Find other Multi-channel ICs (PMIC)


  • Qualified for Automotive Applications
  • AEC-Q100 Qualified With the Following Results:
    • Device Temperature Grade 0: –40°C to +150°C Ambient Operating Temperature
    • Device HBM ESD Classification Level 2
    • Device CDM ESD Classification Level C4B
  • Input Voltage Range
    • 7 to 36-V for Initial Battery Power Up
    • 4 to 36-V Full Functionality After Initial Battery Power Up
    • Minimum 2.3 V During Operation After Wake-up
  • Supply Rails (With Internal FETs)
    • 6-V Synchronous Buck-Boost Preregulator
    • 5-V, 285-mA LDO (CAN, Peripherals or ADC REF 1% accuracy with 20 to 120 mA load TJ ≤ 150°C, 1.25% TJ > 150°C)
    • 3.3-V or 5-V, 350-mA LDO (MCU) TPS653851A-Q1.
    • 2 LDOs Protected for Sensor Supply or Peripherals
      • 120 mA for Sensor Supply 1 (VSOUT1), 100 mA for Sensor Supply 2 (VSOUT2)
      • Configurable Tracking Mode (Tracking Input Pin), or 3.3-V or 5-V Fixed Output Voltage
      • Short-to-Ground and Battery Protection
    • Charge Pump: 6-V Minimum, 11-V Maximum Above Battery Voltage
  • Monitoring and Protection
    • Independent Undervoltage and Overvoltage Monitoring on All Regulator Outputs, Battery Voltage, and Internal Supplies
    • Voltage Monitoring Circuitry, Including Independent Bandgap Reference, Supplied from Separate Battery Voltage Input Pin
    • Self-Check on All Voltage Monitoring (During Power-Up and After Power-Up Initiated by External MCU)
    • All Supplies Protected With Current Limit and Overtemperature Prewarning and Shutdown
  • Microcontroller Interface
    • Open and Close Window or Question-Answer Watchdog Function
    • Monitor for Functional Safety MCU Fault output (PWM or level), MCU Error-Signal Monitor
    • DIAGNOSTIC state for Performing Device Self-Tests and System Diagnostics
    • SAFE State for Device and System Protection upon Detected System Failure
    • Clock Monitor for Internal Oscillator
    • Analog and Logic Built-In Self-Test
    • CRC on Non-Volatile Memory as well as Device and System Configuration Registers and SPI Communications
    • Reset Circuit for MCU
    • Diagnostic Output Pin
  • SPI With CRC on Command Plus Data
  • Error Reporting Through SPI Registers for Errors on System Level and Device Level
  • Enable-Drive Output for Disabling External Power-Stages on Any Detected System Failure
  • Wake-up through IGN Pin (ignition) or CAN_WU Pin (transceiver or other function)
  • 48-Pin HTSSOP PowerPAD™ IC Package

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The TPS653851A-Q1 device is a multirail power supply designed to supply microcontrollers in safety relevant applications, such as those found in the automotive industry. The device supports functional safety microcontrollers with dual-core lockstep (LS) and other multi-core architectures.

The TPS653851A-Q1 device integrates multiple supply rails to power the MCU, CAN or FlexRay, and external sensors. A buck-boost converter with internal FETs converts the input battery voltage between 2.3 V and 36 V to a 6-V preregulator output that supplies the other regulators. An integrated charge pump provides an overdrive voltage for the internal regulators, and can also be used to drive an external NMOS FET as reverse battery protection. The device supports wake-up from an ignition signal (IGN pin) or wake-up from a CAN transceiver or other signal (CAN_WU pin).

An independent voltage monitoring unit inside the device monitors undervoltage and overvoltage on all internal supply rails and regulator outputs of the battery supply. Regulator current limits and temperature protections are also implemented. The TPS653851A-Q1 device features a question-answer watchdog, MCU error-signal monitor, clock monitoring on internal oscillator, self-check on clock monitor, cyclic redundancy check (CRC) on non-volatile memory and SPI communication, a diagnostic output pin allowing MCU to observe device internal analog and digital signals, a reset circuit for the MCU (NRES pin) and a safing output (ENDRV pin) to disable external power-stages on any detected system-failure. The device automatically runs a built-in self-test (BIST) at start up and the MCU may re-run the BIST during system run time through software control if needed. A dedicated DIAGNOSTIC state allows the MCU to check TPS653851A-Q1 functionality.

The TPS653851A-Q1 device also has an error reporting capability through the SPI register. The device has separate status bits in the SPI register for each specific error on the system level or device level. When the device detects a particular error condition, it sets the appropriate status bit and keeps this status bit set until the MCU reads-out the SPI register in which this status bit was set. Based on which status bit was set, the MCU can decide whether it must keep the system in a safe state or whether it can resume with the operation of the system.

The TPS653851A-Q1 device is available in a 48-pin HTSSOP PowerPAD™ IC package.

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More Information

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Datasheet TPS653851A-Q1 Multirail Power Supply for Microcontrollers in Safety-Relevant Applications datasheet Jun. 03, 2019
Technical articles Automotive electronics design made easy Jul. 18, 2013
Technical articles John discusses benefits of LEDs in automobiles Jul. 16, 2013

Design & development

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Hardware development

The TPS653850EVM is an evaluation platform for the TPS653850-Q1.  The TPS653850-Q1 is a power management IC (PMIC) for Multi-Rail Power Supply for Microcontrollers in Automotie and Industrial Safety Relevant Applications.  The device is a multi-rail power supply including one buck-boost (...)
  • Buck-Boost pre-regulator to support cold crank automotive battery requirements
  • Multiple output rails to support microcontrollers in safety relevant applications
  • Two sensor supplies with short to battery and ground protection
  • Diagnostic, protection and monitoring of device and MCU
  • Power stage output (...)

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HTSSOP (DCA) 48 View options

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