Blood Pressure Monitors

Blood Pressure Monitor block diagram and design considerations.

Block Diagram

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Design Considerations

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Blood pressure monitors can use Korotkoff, Oscillometry, or Pulse Transit Time methods to measure blood pressure. They employ a pressure cuff, pump, and transducer to measure blood pressure and heart rate in three phases: Inflation, Measurement, and Deflation. They include an LCD, selection buttons, memory recall, power management, and USB interface.

The pressure transducer produces the output voltage proportional to the applied differential input pressure. The output voltages of the pressure transducer range from 0 to 40 mV, which need to be amplified so that the output voltage of the DC amplifier has a range from 0 to 5V. Thus, we need a high-gain amplifier. Then the signal from the DC amplifier will be passed on to the band-pass filter. The DC amplifier amplifies both DC and AC component of the signal. The filter is designed to have large gain at around 1-4 Hz and attenuate any signal that is out of the pass band. The AC component from filter is important for determining when to capture the systolic/diastolic pressures and heart rate of the patient. The final stage of the front end is an AC coupling stage, after which the signal is sent to analog to digital converters, and digitized.

The digital measurements of pressure and heart rate are performed by the microprocessor. Measurements results are stored in EEPROM or FLASH memory as a data log that can be uploaded to a PC via USB. The analog circuit is used to amplify both the DC and AC components of the output signal of pressure transducer so that we can use the MCU to process the signal and obtain useful information about the patient's health.

Application Notes (2)

Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views
HTM 9 KB 09 Feb 2012 1780
HTM 9 KB 21 Sep 2009 1634
    

Reference Designs

Selection and Solution Guides

Selection Guides (4)

Title Abstract Type Size (KB) Date Views
PDF 9.09 MB 02 May 2013 3038
PDF 3.56 MB 02 May 2013 1977
PDF 4.72 MB 02 May 2013 1364
PDF 8.32 MB 05 Aug 2010 629

Tools and Software

Name Part # Company Software/Tool Type
Code Composer Studio (CCS) Integrated Development Environment (IDE) CCSTUDIO Texas Instruments SW Development Tools, IDEs, Compilers
MSP430 100-Pin Target board and USB Programmer MSP-FET430U100 Texas Instruments Evaluation Modules & Boards
MSP430 80-Pin Target board and USB Programmer MSP-FET430U80 Texas Instruments Evaluation Modules & Boards
MSP430F5xx 100-Pin Target board and USB Programmer MSP-FET430U5X100 Texas Instruments Evaluation Modules & Boards

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