The ADS114S06 and ADS114S08 are precision 16-bit, delta-sigma (ΔΣ) ADCs with an integrated analog front end (AFE) to simplify precision sensor connections. The ADC provides output data rates from 2.5 SPS to 4000 SPS for flexibility in resolution and data rates over a wide range of applications. The low-noise and low-drift architecture make these devices suitable for precise measurement of low-voltage sensors, such as load cells and temperature sensors.
The ADS114S0x incorporate several features that simplify precision sensor measurements. Key integrated features include:
As described in the Functional Block Diagram section, these devices provide 13 (ADS114S08) or 7 (ADS114S06) analog inputs that are configurable as either single-ended inputs, differential inputs, or any combination of the two. Many of the analog inputs have additional features as programmed by the user. The analog inputs can be programmed to enable the following extended features:
Following the input multiplexer (MUX), the ADC features a high input-impedance, low-noise, programmable gain amplifier (PGA), eliminating the need for an external amplifier. The PGA gain is programmable from 1 to 128 in binary steps. The PGA can be bypassed to allow the input range to extend 50 mV below ground or above supply. The PGA has output voltage monitors to verify the integrity of the conversion result.
An inherently stable delta-sigma modulator measures the ratio of the input voltage to the reference voltage to provide the ADC result. The ADC operates with the internal 2.5-V reference, or with up to two external reference inputs. The external reference inputs can be continuously monitored for low (or missing) voltage. The REFOUT pin provides the buffered 2.5-V internal voltage reference output that can be used to bias external circuitry.
The digital filter provides two filter modes, sinc3 and low-latency, allowing optimization of settling time and line-cycle rejection. The third-order sinc filter offers simultaneous 50-Hz and 60-Hz line-cycle rejection at data rates of 2.5 SPS, 5 SPS, and 10 SPS, 50-Hz rejection at data rates of 16.6 SPS and 50 SPS, and 60-Hz rejection at data rates of 20 SPS and 60 SPS. The low-latency filter provides settled data with 50-Hz and 60-Hz line-cycle rejection at data rates of 2.5 SPS, 5 SPS, 10 SPS, and 20 SPS, 50-Hz rejection at data rates of 16.6 SPS and 50 SPS, and 60-Hz rejection at a data rate of 60 SPS.
Two programmable excitation current sources provide bias to resistive sensors [such as resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) or thermistors]. The ADC integrates several system monitors for read back, such as temperature sensor and supply monitors. Four GPIO pins are available as either dedicated pins (ADS114S06) or combined with analog input pins (ADS114S08).
The ADS114S0x system clock is either provided by the internal low-drift, 4.096-MHz oscillator or an external clock source on the CLK input.
The SPI-compatible serial interface is used to read the conversion data and also to configure and control the ADC. The serial interface consists of four signals: CS, SCLK, DIN, and DOUT/DRDY. The conversion data are provided with an optional CRC code for improved data integrity. The dual function DOUT/DRDY output indicates when conversion data are ready and also provides the data output. The serial interface can be implemented with as little as three connections by tying CS low. Start ADC conversions with either the START/SYNC pin or with commands. The ADC can be programmed for a continuous conversion mode or to perform single-shot conversions.
The AVDD analog supply operates with bipolar supplies from ±1.5 V to ±2.625 V or with a unipolar supply from 2.7 V to 5.25 V. For unipolar-supply operation, use the VBIAS voltage to bias isolated (floating) sensors. The digital supplies operate with unipolar supplies only. The DVDD digital power supply operates from 2.7 V to 3.6 V and the IOVDD supply operates from DVDD to 5.25 V.