SLUSAH0F October   2011  – November 2019 BQ25504

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Solar Application Circuit
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Maximum Power Point Tracking
      2. 8.3.2 Battery Undervoltage Protection
      3. 8.3.3 Battery Overvoltage Protection
      4. 8.3.4 Battery Voltage in Operating Range (VBAT_OK Output)
      5. 8.3.5 Nano-Power Management and Efficiency
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Cold-Start Operation (VSTOR < VSTOR_CHGEN, VIN_DC > VIN(CS) and PIN > PIN(CS))
      2. 8.4.2 Main Boost Charger Enabled (VSTOR > VSTOR_CHGEN, VIN_DC > VIN(DC) and EN = LOW )
      3. 8.4.3 Thermal Shutdown
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Storage Element Selection
      2. 9.1.2 Inductor Selection
      3. 9.1.3 Capacitor Selection
        1. 9.1.3.1 VREF_SAMP Capacitance
        2. 9.1.3.2 VIN_DC Capacitance
        3. 9.1.3.3 VSTOR Capacitance
        4. 9.1.3.4 Additional Capacitance on VSTOR or VBAT
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Solar Application Circuit
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 TEG Application Circuit
        1. 9.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 9.2.3 MPPT Disabled, Low Impedance Source Application Circuit
        1. 9.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 9.2.3.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Zip Files
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Description (continued)

The BQ25504 also implements a programmable maximum power point tracking sampling network to optimize the transfer of power into the device. Sampling the VIN_DC open-circuit voltage is programmed using external resistors, and held with an external capacitor (CREF).

For example solar cells that operate at maximum power point (MPP) of 80% of their open-circuit voltage, the resistor divider can be set to 80% of the VIN_DC voltage and the network will control the VIN_DC to operate near that sampled reference voltage. Alternatively, an external reference voltage can be provide by a MCU to produce a more complex MPPT algorithm.

The BQ25504 was designed with the flexibility to support a variety of energy storage elements. The availability of the sources from which harvesters extract their energy can often be sporadic or time-varying. Systems will typically need some type of energy storage element, such as a rechargeable battery, super capacitor, or conventional capacitor. The storage element ensures that constant power is available when needed for the systems. The storage element also allows the system to handle any peak currents that cannot directly come from the input source.

To prevent damage to a customer’s storage element, both maximum and minimum voltages are monitored against the user programmed undervoltage (UV) and overvoltage (OV) levels.

To further assist users in the strict management of their energy budgets, the BQ25504 toggles the battery good flag to signal an attached microprocessor when the voltage on an energy storage battery or capacitor has dropped below a preset critical level. This warning should trigger the shedding of load currents to prevent the system from entering an undervoltage condition. The OV, UV, and battery good thresholds are programmed independently.

All the capabilities of BQ25504 are packed into a small-footprint, 16-lead, 3-mm x 3-mm VQFN package.