SLUSAH0F October   2011  – November 2019 BQ25504


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Solar Application Circuit
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Maximum Power Point Tracking
      2. 8.3.2 Battery Undervoltage Protection
      3. 8.3.3 Battery Overvoltage Protection
      4. 8.3.4 Battery Voltage in Operating Range (VBAT_OK Output)
      5. 8.3.5 Nano-Power Management and Efficiency
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Cold-Start Operation (VSTOR < VSTOR_CHGEN, VIN_DC > VIN(CS) and PIN > PIN(CS))
      2. 8.4.2 Main Boost Charger Enabled (VSTOR > VSTOR_CHGEN, VIN_DC > VIN(DC) and EN = LOW )
      3. 8.4.3 Thermal Shutdown
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Storage Element Selection
      2. 9.1.2 Inductor Selection
      3. 9.1.3 Capacitor Selection
        1. VREF_SAMP Capacitance
        2. VIN_DC Capacitance
        3. VSTOR Capacitance
        4. Additional Capacitance on VSTOR or VBAT
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Solar Application Circuit
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 TEG Application Circuit
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      3. 9.2.3 MPPT Disabled, Low Impedance Source Application Circuit
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Zip Files
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information


The BQ25504 is the first of a new family of intelligent integrated energy harvesting Nano-Power management solutions that are well suited for meeting the special needs of ultra low power applications. The product is specifically designed to efficiently acquire and manage the microwatts (µW) to miliwatts (mW) of power generated from a variety of DC sources like photovoltaic (solar) or thermal electric generators (TEGs). The BQ25504 is a highly efficient boost charger targeted toward products and systems, such as wireless sensor networks (WSN) which have stringent power and operational demands. The design of the BQ25504 starts with a DCDC boost charger that requires only microwatts of power to begin operating.

Once the VSTOR voltage is above VSTOR_CHGEN (1.8 V typical), for example, after a partially discharged battery is attached to VBAT, the boost charger can effectively extract power from low voltage output harvesters such as TEGs or single or dual cell solar panels outputting voltages down to VIN(DC) (130 mV minimum). When starting from VSTOR = VBAT < 100 mV, the cold start circuit needs at least VIN(CS), 600 mV typical, to charge VSTOR up to 1.8 V.

The BQ25504 implements a programmable maximum power point tracking (MPPT) sampling network to optimize the transfer of power into the device. Sampling of the VIN_DC open circuit voltage is programmed using external resistors, and that sample voltage is held with an external capacitor connected to the VREF_SAMP pin.

For example solar cells that operate at maximum power point (MPP) of 80% of their open circuit voltage, the resistor divider can be set to 80% of the VIN_DC voltage and the network will control the VIN_DC to operate near that sampled reference voltage. Alternatively, an external reference voltage can be applied directly to the VREF_SAMP pin by a MCU to implement a more complex MPPT algorithm.

The BQ25504 was designed with the flexibility to support a variety of energy storage elements. The availability of the sources from which harvesters extract their energy can often be sporadic or time-varying. Systems will typically need some type of energy storage element, such as a re-chargeable battery, super capacitor, or conventional capacitor. The storage element will make certain constant power is available when needed for the systems. The storage element also allows the system to handle any peak currents that can not directly come from the input source. To prevent damage to the storage element, both maximum and minimum voltages are monitored against the user programmable undervoltage (VBAT_UV) and overvoltage (VBAT_OV) levels.

To further assist users in the strict management of their energy budgets, the BQ25504 toggles the battery good flag to signal an attached microprocessor when the voltage on an energy storage battery or capacitor has dropped below a pre-set critical level. This should trigger the shedding of load currents to prevent the system from entering an undervoltage condition. The OV and battery good (VBAT_OK) thresholds are programmed independently.