SLUSBC8C December 2013 – July 2018
A wireless system consists of a charging pad (transmitter or primary) and the secondary-side equipment (receiver or secondary). There is a coil in the charging pad and in the secondary equipment which are magnetically coupled to each other when the secondary is placed on the primary. Power is then transferred from the transmitter to the receiver through coupled inductors (for example, an air-core transformer). Controlling the amount of power transferred is achieved by sending feedback (error signal) communication to the primary (that is, to increase or decrease power).
The receiver communicates with the transmitter by changing the load seen by the transmitter. This load variation results in a change in the transmitter coil current, which is measured and interpreted by a processor in the charging pad. Communication is done through digital-packets which are transferred from the receiver to the transmitter. Differential Biphase encoding is used for the packets. The bit rate is 2-kbps.
Various types of communication packets have been defined. These include identification and authentication packets, error packets, control packets, end power packets, and power usage packets.
The transmitter coil stays powered off most of the time. It occasionally wakes up to see if a receiver is present. When a receiver authenticates itself to the transmitter, the transmiter will remain powered on. The receiver maintains full control over the power transfer using communication packets.