SCAS862G November 2008 – July 2016 CDCE62005
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
As shown in Figure 47, the CDCE62005 has internal dividers, twin onboard VCOs, a phase frequency detector, charge pump, partially internal loop filter, and LVPECL/LVDS/LVCMOS input and output buffers, all of which completes a PLL. Through the PLL operation, the VCO clock synchronizes with the reference clock input and ultimately with all clock outputs. All outputs are completely synchronized in terms of phase and frequency with the reference clock input. When powering up from the EEPROM, the SYNC signal synchronizes outputs after device power-up.
See SCAA096 for a detailed description of the application configuration.
Assume a typical application, where a total of two 156.25-MHz LVPECL, two 125-MHz LVDS, and two 25-MHz LVCMOS output clocks are desired and should be phase-locked to a single back-plane input reference clock of 25 MHz. The goal of this example is to identify the input (M), prescaler (N), feedback (FB), and output (P) divider values, the VCO frequency to lock to, and the other related PLL settings needed to derive the different output frequencies from the common input and VCXO frequencies. Follow the steps outlined in Detailed Design Procedure to achieve this goal.
Step 1. From Figure 47, it can be inferred that the relationship between the output frequency and the input frequency is described by these equations,
Step 2. Keep in mind the following while satisfying the equations in Step 1:
Step 3. Given multiple desired output frequencies and the input frequency, the first step would be to establish M, N, and FB divider values for different P divider settings to satisfy these equations:
Such that these parameters are valid:
Using the example to derive these outputs, it can be seen that there is not an output divider (P5) that will generate a 25-MHz output. However, the output MUX value of output 5 can be chosen to directly bypass the 25-MHz input clock to output 5. Therefore, in order to use a common VCO frequency, the P dividers to be used are:
The common VCO frequency is 1875 MHz and is VCO1. The output MUX for outputs 1 to 4 are set to the PLL/VCO outputs. Moreover, the FB divider to be used is:
The N divider to be used is:
These values ensure that the (FIN/M) ratio is within 40 MHz and is set at 6.25 MHz. Thus, the M divider to be used is:
Figure 47 illustrates this configuration.
The PLL loop bandwidth of the CDCE62005 is recommended to be set according to the phase noise profile of its reference input and the phase noise profile of the onboard VCO clock. It is recommended to set the PLL loop bandwidth as the crossover point of the reference input phase noise and the phase noise of the VCO clock. When the input clock is clean and any near-frequency offsets are better than the VCO clock, it is beneficial for the PLL bandwidth to be set at several hundred kHz as determined by the crossover point. Figure 48 shows a typical 400-kHz Loop filter.