SLVSD14A June   2017  – June  2020 DRV10983-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Application Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (Continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Regulators
        1. 8.3.1.1 Step-Down Regulator
        2. 8.3.1.2 3.3-V and 1.8-V LDO
      2. 8.3.2 Protection Circuits
        1. 8.3.2.1 Thermal Shutdown
        2. 8.3.2.2 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
        3. 8.3.2.3 Overcurrent Protection
        4. 8.3.2.4 Lock
      3. 8.3.3 Motor Speed Control
      4. 8.3.4 Load Dump Handling
      5. 8.3.5 Sleep or Standby Condition
        1. 8.3.5.1 Required Sequence to Enter Sleep Mode
          1. 8.3.5.1.1 Option 1
          2. 8.3.5.1.2 Option 2
      6. 8.3.6 EEPROM Access
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1  Motor Parameters
        1. 8.4.1.1 Motor Phase Resistance
        2. 8.4.1.2 BEMF Constant
      2. 8.4.2  Starting the Motor Under Different Initial Conditions
        1. 8.4.2.1 Case 1 – Motor is Stationary
        2. 8.4.2.2 Case 2 – Motor is Spinning in the Forward Direction
        3. 8.4.2.3 Case 3 – Motor is Spinning in the Reverse Direction
      3. 8.4.3  Motor Start Sequence
        1. 8.4.3.1 Initial Speed Detect
        2. 8.4.3.2 Motor Resynchronization
        3. 8.4.3.3 Reverse Drive
        4. 8.4.3.4 Motor Brake
        5. 8.4.3.5 Motor Initialization
          1. 8.4.3.5.1 Align
          2. 8.4.3.5.2 Initial Position Detect (IPD)
            1. 8.4.3.5.2.1 IPD Operation
            2. 8.4.3.5.2.2 IPD Release Mode
            3. 8.4.3.5.2.3 IPD Advance Angle
          3. 8.4.3.5.3 Motor Start
        6. 8.4.3.6 Start-Up Timing
      4. 8.4.4  Align Current
      5. 8.4.5  Start-Up Current Setting
        1. 8.4.5.1 Start-Up Current Ramp-Up
      6. 8.4.6  Closed Loop
        1. 8.4.6.1 Half-Cycle Control and Full-Cycle Control
        2. 8.4.6.2 Analog-Mode Speed Control
        3. 8.4.6.3 Digital PWM-Input-Mode Speed Control
        4. 8.4.6.4 I2C-Mode Speed Control
        5. 8.4.6.5 Closed-Loop Accelerate
        6. 8.4.6.6 Control Coefficient
        7. 8.4.6.7 Commutation Control Advance Angle
      7. 8.4.7  Current Limit
        1. 8.4.7.1 Acceleration Current Limit
      8. 8.4.8  Lock Detect and Fault Handling
        1. 8.4.8.1 Lock0: Lock-Detection Current Limit Triggered
        2. 8.4.8.2 Lock1: Abnormal Speed
        3. 8.4.8.3 Lock2: Abnormal Kt
        4. 8.4.8.4 Lock3 (Fault3): No-Motor Fault
        5. 8.4.8.5 Lock4: Open-Loop Motor-Stuck Lock
        6. 8.4.8.6 Lock5: Closed Loop Motor Stuck Lock
      9. 8.4.9  Anti Voltage Suppression Function
        1. 8.4.9.1 Mechanical AVS Function
        2. 8.4.9.2 Inductive AVS Function
      10. 8.4.10 PWM Output
      11. 8.4.11 FG Customized Configuration
        1. 8.4.11.1 FG Output Frequency
        2. 8.4.11.2 FG Open Loop and Lock Behavior
      12. 8.4.12 Diagnostics and Visibility
        1. 8.4.12.1 Motor-Status Readback
        2. 8.4.12.2 Motor-Speed Readback
        3. 8.4.12.3 Motor Electrical-Period Readback
        4. 8.4.12.4 BEMF Constant Read Back
        5. 8.4.12.5 Motor Estimated Position by IPD
        6. 8.4.12.6 Supply-Voltage Readback
        7. 8.4.12.7 Speed-Command Readback
        8. 8.4.12.8 Speed-Command Buffer Readback
        9. 8.4.12.9 Fault Diagnostics
    5. 8.5 Register Maps
      1. 8.5.1 I2C Serial Interface
      2. 8.5.2 Register Map
      3. 8.5.3 Register Descriptions
        1. 8.5.3.1  FaultReg Register (address = 0x00) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 11. FaultReg Register Field Descriptions
        2. 8.5.3.2  MotorSpeed Register (address = 0x01) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 12. MotorSpeed Register Field Descriptions
        3. 8.5.3.3  MotorPeriod Register (address = 0x02) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 13. MotorPeriod Register Field Descriptions
        4. 8.5.3.4  MotorKt Register (address = 0x03) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 14. MotorKt Register Field Descriptions
        5. 8.5.3.5  MotorCurrent Register (address = 0x04) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 15. MotorCurrent Register Field Descriptions
        6. 8.5.3.6  IPDPosition–SupplyVoltage Register (address = 0x05) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 16. IPDPosition–SupplyVoltage Register Field Descriptions
        7. 8.5.3.7  SpeedCmd–spdCmdBuffer Register (address = 0x06) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 17. SpeedCmd–spdCmdBuffer Register Field Descriptions
        8. 8.5.3.8  AnalogInLvl Register (address = 0x07) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 18. AnalogInLvl Register Field Descriptions
        9. 8.5.3.9  DeviceID–RevisionID Register (address = 0x08) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 19. DeviceID–RevisionID Register Field Descriptions
        10. 8.5.3.10 DeviceID–RevisionID Register (address = 0x08) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 20. DeviceID–RevisionID Register Field Descriptions
        11. 8.5.3.11 Unused Registers (addresses = 0x011 Through 0x2F)
        12. 8.5.3.12 SpeedCtrl Register (address = 0x30) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 21. SpeedCtrl Register Field Descriptions
        13. 8.5.3.13 EEPROM Programming1 Register (address = 0x31) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 22. EEPROM Programming1 Register Field Descriptions
        14. 8.5.3.14 EEPROM Programming2 Register (address = 0x32) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 23. EEPROM Programming2 Register Field Descriptions
        15. 8.5.3.15 EEPROM Programming3 Register (address = 0x33) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 24. EEPROM Programming3 Register Field Descriptions
        16. 8.5.3.16 EEPROM Programming4 Register (address = 0x34) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 25. EEPROM Programming4 Register Field Descriptions
        17. 8.5.3.17 EEPROM Programming5 Register (address = 0x35) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 26. EEPROM Programming5 Register Field Descriptions
        18. 8.5.3.18 EEPROM Programming6 Register (address = 0x36) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 27. EEPROM Programming6 Register Field Descriptions
        19. 8.5.3.19 Unused Registers (addresses = 0x37 Through 0x5F)
        20. 8.5.3.20 EECTRL Register (address = 0x60) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 28. EECTRL Register Field Descriptions
        21. 8.5.3.21 Unused Registers (addresses = 0x61 Through 0x8F)
        22. 8.5.3.22 CONFIG1 Register (address = 0x90) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 29. CONFIG1 Register Field Descriptions
        23. 8.5.3.23 CONFIG2 Register (address = 0x91) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 30. CONFIG2 Register Field Descriptions
        24. 8.5.3.24 CONFIG3 Register (address = 0x92) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 31. CONFIG3 Register Field Descriptions
        25. 8.5.3.25 CONFIG4 Register (address = 0x93) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 32. CONFIG4 Register Field Descriptions
        26. 8.5.3.26 CONFIG5 Register (address = 0x94) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 33. CONFIG5 Register Field Descriptions
        27. 8.5.3.27 CONFIG6 Register (address = 0x95) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 34. CONFIG6 Register Field Descriptions
        28. 8.5.3.28 CONFIG7 Register (address = 0x96) [reset = 0x00]
          1. Table 35. CONFIG7 Register Field Descriptions
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Trademarks
    2. 12.2 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Community Resources
    5. 12.5 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Commutation Control Advance Angle

To achieve the best efficiency, it is often desirable to control the drive state of the motor so that the motor phase current is aligned with the motor BEMF voltage.

To align the motor phase current with the motor BEMF voltage, consider the inductive effect of the motor. The voltage applied to the motor should be applied in advance of the motor BEMF voltage (see Figure 31). The DRV10983-Q1 device provides configuration bits for controlling the time (tadv) between the driving voltage and BEMF.

For motors with salient pole structures, aligning the motor BEMF voltage with the motor current may not achieve the best efficiency. In these applications, the timing advance should be adjusted accordingly. Accomplish this by operating the system at constant speed and load conditions and by adjusting tadv until the minimum current is achieved.

DRV10983-Q1 t_adv_def_LVSCP2.gifFigure 31. Advance Time (tadv) Definition

The DRV10983-Q1 device has two options for adjusting the motor commutate advance time. When CommAdvMode = 0, mode 0 is selected. When CommAdvMode = 1, mode 1 is selected.

Mode 0: tadv is maintained to be a fixed time relative to the estimated BEMF zero cross as determined by Equation 5.

Equation 5. tadv = tSETTING

Mode 1: tadv is maintained to be a variable time relative to the estimated BEMF zero cross as determined by Equation 6.

Equation 6. tadv = tSETTING × (U - BEMF) / U.

where

  • U is the phase voltage amplitude
  • BEMF is phase BEMF amplitude

tSETTING (in µs) is determined by the configuration of the TCtrlAdvShift [2:0] and TCtrlAdvValue [3:0] bits as defined in Equation 7. For convenience, the available tSETTING values are provided in Table 6.

Equation 7. tSETTING = 2.5 µs × [TCtrlAdvValue[3:0]] << TCtrlAdvShift[2:0]

Table 6. Configuring Commutation Advance Timing by Adjusting tSETTING

TCtrlAdv [6:0]
\{TCtrlAdvShift[2:0],
TCtrlAdvValue[3:0]\}
tSETTING (µs) TCtrlAdv [6:0]
\{TCtrlAdvShift[2:0],
TCtrlAdvValue[3:0]\}
tSETTING (µs) TCtrlAdv [6:0]
\{TCtrlAdvShift[2:0],
TCtrlAdvValue[3:0]\}
tSETTING (µs)
Binary Hex Binary Hex Binary Hex
000 0000 0x00 0.0 010 1000 0x28 80 101 1000 0x58 640
000 0001 0x01 2.5 010 1001 0x29 90 101 1001 0x59 720
000 0010 0x02 5 010 1010 0x2A 100 101 1010 0x5A 800
000 0011 0x03 7.5 010 1011 0x2B 110 101 1011 0x5B 880
000 0100 0x04 10 010 1100 0x2C 120 101 1100 0x5C 960
000 0101 0x05 12.5 010 1101 0x2D 130 101 1101 0x5D 1040
000 0110 0x06 15 010 1110 0x2E 140 101 1110 0x5E 1120
000 0111 0x07 17.5 010 1111 0x2F 150 101 1111 0x5F 1200
000 1000 0x08 20 011 1000 0x38 160 110 1000 0x68 1280
000 1001 0x09 22.5 011 1001 0x39 170 110 1001 0x69 1440
000 1010 0x0A 25 011 1010 0x3A 200 110 1010 0x6A 1600
000 1011 0x0B 27.5 011 1011 0x3B 220 110 1011 0x6B 1760
000 1100 0x0C 30 011 1100 0x3C 240 110 1100 0x6C 1920
000 1101 0x0D 32.5 011 1101 0x3D 260 110 1101 0x6D 2080
000 1110 0x0E 35 011 1110 0x3E 280 110 1110 0x6E 2240
000 1111 0x0F 37.5 011 1111 0x3F 300 110 1111 0x6F 2400
001 1000 0x18 40 100 1000 0x48 320 111 1000 0x78 2560
001 1001 0x19 45 100 1001 0x49 360 111 1001 0x79 2880
001 1010 0x1A 50 100 1010 0x4A 400 111 1010 0x7A 3200
001 1011 0x1B 55 100 1011 0x4B 440 111 1011 0x7B 3520
001 1100 0x1C 60 100 1100 0x4C 480 111 1100 0x7C 3840
001 1101 0x1D 65 100 1101 0x4D 520 111 1101 0x7D 4160
001 1110 0x1E 70 100 1110 0x4E 560 111 1110 0x7E 4480
001 1111 0x1F 75 100 1111 0x4F 600 111 1111 0x7F 4800