SLVSAM9D April   2011  – December 2015 DRV8802


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 PWM Motor Drivers
      2. 7.3.2 Protection Circuits
        1. Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
        2. Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
        3. Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Bridge Control
      2. 7.4.2 Current Regulation
      3. 7.4.3 Decay Mode and Braking
      4. 7.4.4 Blanking Time
      5. 7.4.5 nRESET and nSLEEP Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Current Regulation
        2. Decay Modes
        3. Sense Resistor
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
    2. 9.2 Power Supply and Logic Sequencing
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
      1. 10.3.1 Power Dissipation
      2. 10.3.2 Heatsinking
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Community Resources
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

8 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers must validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

8.1 Application Information

The DRV8802 can be used to control two brushed DC motors. The PHASE/ENBL interface controls the outputs and current control can be implemented with the internal current regulation circuitry. Detailed fault reporting is provided with the internal protection circuits and nFAULT pin.

8.2 Typical Application

DRV8802 schem_slvsam9.gif Figure 7. Typical Application Schematic

8.2.1 Design Requirements

Table 3 lists the parameters for this design example.

Table 3. Design Parameters

Supply voltage VM 24 V
Motor winding resistance RL 3.9 Ω
Motor winding inductance IL 2.9 mH
Sense resistor value RSENSE 400 mΩ
Target full-scale current IFS 1.25 A

8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure Current Regulation

In a stepper motor, the set full-scale current (IFS) is the maximum current driven through either winding. This quantity depends on the xVREF analog voltage and the sense resistor value (RSENSE). During stepping, IFS defines the current chopping threshold (ITRIP) for the maximum current step. The gain of DRV8802 is set for
5 V/V.

Equation 2. DRV8802 eq_Ifs_LVSA06.gif

To achieve IFS = 1.25 A with RSENSE of 0.2 Ω, xVREF must be 1.25 V. Decay Modes

The DRV8802 supports two different decay modes: slow decay and fast decay. The current through the motor windings is regulated using a fixed-frequency PWM scheme. This means that after any drive phase, when a motor winding current has hit the current chopping threshold (ITRIP), the DRV8802 places the winding in one of the two decay modes until the PWM cycle has expired. Afterward, a new drive phase starts. The blanking time, tBLANK, defines the minimum drive time for the current chopping. ITRIP is ignored during tBLANK, so the winding current may overshoot the trip level. Sense Resistor

For optimal performance, it is important for the sense resistor to be:

  • Surface-mount
  • Low inductance
  • Rated for high enough power
  • Placed closely to the motor driver

The power dissipated by the sense resistor equals Irms2 × R. For example, if the rms motor current is 2-A and a 100-mΩ sense resistor is used, the resistor dissipates 2 A² × 0.1 Ω = 0.4 W. The power quickly increases with greater current levels.

Resistors typically have a rated power within some ambient temperature range, along with a de-rated power curve for high ambient temperatures. When a PCB is shared with other components generating heat, margin must be added. It is always best to measure the actual sense resistor temperature in a final system, along with the power MOSFETs, as those are often the hottest components.

Because power resistors are larger and more expensive than standard resistors, it is common practice to use multiple standard resistors in parallel, between the sense node and ground. This distributes the current and heat dissipation.

8.2.3 Application Curves

DRV8802 DRV8812_Current_Limiting.png Figure 8. DRV8802 Current Limiting
DRV8802 DRV8812_Direction_Change.png Figure 9. DRV8802 Direction Change