SLVSAM9D April   2011  – December 2015 DRV8802


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 PWM Motor Drivers
      2. 7.3.2 Protection Circuits
        1. Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
        2. Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
        3. Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Bridge Control
      2. 7.4.2 Current Regulation
      3. 7.4.3 Decay Mode and Braking
      4. 7.4.4 Blanking Time
      5. 7.4.5 nRESET and nSLEEP Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Current Regulation
        2. Decay Modes
        3. Sense Resistor
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
    2. 9.2 Power Supply and Logic Sequencing
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
      1. 10.3.1 Power Dissipation
      2. 10.3.2 Heatsinking
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Community Resources
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

10 Layout

10.1 Layout Guidelines

The VMA and VMB pins must be bypassed to GND using low-ESR ceramic bypass capacitors with a recommended value of 0.1-μF rated for VMx. This capacitor must be placed as close to the VMA and VMB pins as possible with a thick trace or ground plane connection to the device GND pin.

The VMA and VMB pins must be bypassed to ground using an appropriate bulk capacitor. This component may be an electrolytic and must be located close to the DRV8802.

A low-ESR ceramic capacitor must be placed in between the VMA and VCP pins. TI recommends a value of 0.1-μF rated for 16 V. Place this component as close to the pins as possible. Also, place a 1-MΩ resistor between VCP and VMA.

Bypass V3P3 to ground with a ceramic capacitor rated 6.3 V. Place this bypass capacitor as close to the pin as possible

10.2 Layout Example

DRV8802 layout_example_slvs997.gif Figure 11. Typical Layout of DRV8802

10.3 Thermal Considerations

The DRV8802 has thermal shutdown (TSD) as described in Thermal Shutdown (TSD). If the die temperature exceeds approximately 150°C, the device is disabled until the temperature drops to a safe level.

Any tendency of the device to enter TSD is an indication of either excessive power dissipation, insufficient heatsinking, or too high an ambient temperature.

10.3.1 Power Dissipation

Power dissipation in the DRV8802 is dominated by the power dissipated in the output FET resistance, or RDS(ON). Average power dissipation of each H-bridge when running a DC motor can be roughly estimated by Equation 3.

Equation 3. DRV8802 eq2_lvsab7.gif


  • P is the power dissipation of one H-bridge
  • RDS(ON) is the resistance of each FET
  • IOUT is the RMS output current being applied to each winding
  • IOUT is equal to the average current drawn by the DC motor.

Note that at start-up and fault conditions this current is much higher than normal running current; these peak currents and their duration also must be taken into consideration. The factor of 2 comes from the fact that at any instant two FETs are conducting winding current (one high-side and one low-side).

The total device dissipation is the power dissipated in each of the two H-bridges added together.

The maximum amount of power that can be dissipated in the device is dependent on ambient temperature and heatsinking.


RDS(ON) increases with temperature, so as the device heats, the power dissipation increases. This must be taken into consideration when sizing the heatsink.

10.3.2 Heatsinking

The PowerPAD™ package uses an exposed pad to remove heat from the device. For proper operation, this pad must be thermally connected to copper on the PCB to dissipate heat. On a multi-layer PCB with a ground plane, this can be accomplished by adding a number of vias to connect the thermal pad to the ground plane. On PCBs without internal planes, copper area can be added on either side of the PCB to dissipate heat. If the copper area is on the opposite side of the PCB from the device, thermal vias are used to transfer the heat between top and bottom layers.

For details about how to design the PCB, refer to TI application report, PowerPAD™ Thermally Enhanced Package (SLMA002), and TI application brief, PowerPAD™ Made Easy (SLMA004), available at

In general, the more copper area that can be provided, the more power can be dissipated.