SNOSBH0D May   2000  – November 2015 LF156 , LF256 , LF356


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 AC Electrical Characteristics, TA = TJ = 25°C, VS = ±15 V
    6. 6.6 DC Electrical Characteristics, TA = TJ = 25°C, VS = ±15 V
    7. 6.7 DC Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Power Dissipation Ratings
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
      1. 6.9.1 Typical DC Performance Characteristics
      2. 6.9.2 Typical AC Performance Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Large Differential Input Voltage
      2. 7.3.2 Large Common-Mode Input Voltage
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 System Examples
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Printed-Circuit-Board Layout For High-Impedance Work
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Related Links
    2. 11.2 Community Resources
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

10 Layout

10.1 Layout Guidelines

10.1.1 Printed-Circuit-Board Layout For High-Impedance Work

It is generally recognized that any circuit which must operate with less than 1000 pA of leakage current requires special layout of the PCB. When one wishes to take advantage of the low input bias current of the LFx5x, typically less than 30 pA, it is essential to have an excellent layout. Fortunately, the techniques of obtaining low leakages are quite simple. First, the user must not ignore the surface leakage of the PCB, even though it may sometimes appear acceptably low, because under conditions of high humidity or dust or contamination, the surface leakage will be appreciable.

To minimize the effect of any surface leakage, lay out a ring of foil completely surrounding the inputs of the LFx5x and the terminals of capacitors, diodes, conductors, resistors, relay terminals, and so forth, connected to the inputs of the op amp, as in Figure 62. To have a significant effect, guard rings must be placed on both the top and bottom of the PCB. This PC foil must then be connected to a voltage that is at the same voltage as the amplifier inputs, because no leakage current can flow between two points at the same potential. For example, a PCB trace-to-pad resistance of 10 TΩ, which is normally considered a very large resistance, could leak 5 pA if the trace were a 5-V bus adjacent to the pad of the input. If a guard ring is used and held close to the potential of the amplifier inputs, it will significantly reduce this leakage current.

LF155 LF156 LF256 LF257 LF355 LF356 LF357 1188709.png Figure 58. Inverting Amplifier
LF155 LF156 LF256 LF257 LF355 LF356 LF357 1188710.png Figure 59. Noninverting Amplifier
LF155 LF156 LF256 LF257 LF355 LF356 LF357 1188711.png Figure 60. Typical Connections Of Guard Rings

The designer should be aware that when it is inappropriate to lay out a PCB for the sake of just a few circuits, there is another technique which is even better than a guard ring on a PCB: Do not insert the input pin of the amplifier into the board at all, but bend it up in the air and use only air as an insulator. Air is an excellent insulator. In this case you may have to forego some of the advantages of PCB construction, but the advantages are sometimes well worth the effort of using point-to-point up-in-the-air wiring. See Figure 61.

LF155 LF156 LF256 LF257 LF355 LF356 LF357 1188712.png
(Input pins are lifted out of PCB and soldered directly to components. All other pins connected to PCB).
Figure 61. Air Wiring

Another potential source of leakage that might be overlooked is the device package. When the LFx5x is manufactured, the device is always handled with conductive finger cots. This is to assure that salts and skin oils do not cause leakage paths on the surface of the package. We recommend that these same precautions be adhered to, during all phases of inspection, test and assembly.

10.2 Layout Example

LF155 LF156 LF256 LF257 LF355 LF356 LF357 1188708.png Figure 62. Examples Of Guard
Ring In PCB Layout