SNVS585M September   2008  – October 2020 LM22678 , LM22678-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Handling Ratings: LM22678
    3. 6.3 Handling Ratings: LM22678-Q1
    4. 6.4 Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 6.5 Thermal Information
    6. 6.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Precision Enable and UVLO
      2. 7.3.2 Soft Start
      3. 7.3.3 Bootstrap Supply
      4. 7.3.4 Internal Loop Compensation
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Current Limit
      4. 7.4.4 Thermal Protection
      5. 7.4.5 Duty-Cycle Limits
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Output Voltage Divider Selection
      2. 8.1.2 Power Diode
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Typical Buck Regulator Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. External Components
            1. Inductor
          2. Input Capacitor
          3. Output Capacitor
          4. Bootstrap Capacitor
        3. Application Curves
  9. Layout
    1. 9.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 9.2 Layout Example
    3. 9.3 Thermal Considerations
  10. 10Device and Documentation Support
    1. 10.1 Documentation Support
      1. 10.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 10.2 Support Resources
    3. 10.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 10.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 10.5 Glossary

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Thermal Considerations

The components with the highest power dissipation are the power diode and the power MOSFET internal to the LM22678 regulator. The easiest method to determine the power dissipation within the LM22678 is to measure the total conversion losses then subtract the power losses in the diode and inductor. The total conversion loss is the difference between the input power and the output power. An approximation for the power diode loss is shown in Equation 17.

Equation 17. GUID-CF6C47F6-EF9B-4410-B2CD-92A6D4EBA315-low.gif


  • VD is the diode voltage drop.

An approximation for the inductor power is determined by Equation 18.

Equation 18. GUID-BDF311BE-56D9-4B07-A46E-B42F69AD7798-low.gif


  • RL is the dc resistance of the inductor.

The 1.1 factor is an approximation for the ac losses.

The regulator has an exposed thermal pad to aid power dissipation. Adding multiple vias under the device to the ground plane will greatly reduce the regulator junction temperature. Selecting a diode with an exposed pad will also aid the power dissipation of the diode. The most significant variables that affect the power dissipation of the regulator are output current, input voltage and operating frequency. The power dissipated while operating near the maximum output current and maximum input voltage can be appreciable. The junction-to-ambient thermal resistance of the LM22678 will vary with the application. The most significant variables are the area of copper in the PC board, the number of vias under the IC exposed pad and the amount of forced air cooling provided. A large continuous ground plane on the top or bottom PCB layer will provide the most effective heat dissipation. The integrity of the solder connection from the IC exposed pad to the PC board is critical. Excessive voids will greatly diminish the thermal dissipation capacity. The junction-to-ambient thermal resistance of the LM22678 PFM package is specified in Section 6.6. See AN-2020 Thermal Design By Insight, Not Hindsight (SNVA419) for more information.