SNVS585M September   2008  – October 2020 LM22678 , LM22678-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Handling Ratings: LM22678
    3. 6.3 Handling Ratings: LM22678-Q1
    4. 6.4 Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 6.5 Thermal Information
    6. 6.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Precision Enable and UVLO
      2. 7.3.2 Soft Start
      3. 7.3.3 Bootstrap Supply
      4. 7.3.4 Internal Loop Compensation
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Current Limit
      4. 7.4.4 Thermal Protection
      5. 7.4.5 Duty-Cycle Limits
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Output Voltage Divider Selection
      2. 8.1.2 Power Diode
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Typical Buck Regulator Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. External Components
            1. Inductor
          2. Input Capacitor
          3. Output Capacitor
          4. Bootstrap Capacitor
        3. Application Curves
  9. Layout
    1. 9.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 9.2 Layout Example
    3. 9.3 Thermal Considerations
  10. 10Device and Documentation Support
    1. 10.1 Documentation Support
      1. 10.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 10.2 Support Resources
    3. 10.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 10.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 10.5 Glossary

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

The inductor value is determined based on the load current, ripple current, and the minimum and maximum input voltages. To keep the application in continuous conduction mode (CCM), the maximum ripple current, IRIPPLE, should be less than twice the minimum load current. The general rule of keeping the inductor current peak-to-peak ripple around 30% of the nominal output current is a good compromise between excessive output voltage ripple and excessive component size and cost. Using this value of ripple current, the value of inductor (L) is calculated using Equation 12.

Equation 12. GUID-8F878C08-0AD5-4D1D-B6F8-44DDC79A987F-low.gif


  • Fsw is the switching frequency.
  • Vin should be taken at its maximum value, for the given application.

Equation 12 provides a guide to select the value of the inductor L; the nearest standard value will then be used in the circuit.

Once the inductor is selected, the actual ripple current can be determined by Equation 13.

Equation 13. GUID-EF068648-2314-4CF4-8DCD-B9574745F837-low.gif

Increasing the inductance will generally slow down the transient response but reduce the output voltage ripple. Reducing the inductance will generally improve the transient response but increase the output voltage ripple.

The inductor must be rated for the peak current, IPK, in a given application, to prevent saturation. During normal loading conditions, the peak current is equal to the load current plus 1/2 of the inductor ripple current.

During an overload condition, as well as during certain load transients, the controller can trip current limit. In this case the peak inductor current is given by ICL, found in Section 6.6. Good design practice requires that the inductor rating be adequate for this overload condition.


If the inductor is not rated for the maximum expected current, it can saturate resulting in damage to the LM22678, the power diode, or both.