SNIS160E May   1999  – February 2015 LM135 , LM135A , LM235 , LM235A , LM335 , LM335A


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Recommended Operating Conditions
    3. 6.3 Thermal Information
    4. 6.4 Temperature Accuracy: LM135/LM235, LM135A/LM235A
    5. 6.5 Temperature Accuracy: LM335, LM335A
    6. 6.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Temperature Calibration Using ADJ Pin
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curve
    3. 8.3 System Examples
      1. 8.3.1 Thermocouple Cold Junction Compensation
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Waterproofing Sensors
    4. 10.4 Mounting the Sensor at the End of a Cable
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Device Nomenclature
    2. 11.2 Related Links
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

7 Detailed Description

7.1 Overview

Applications for the LM135 include almost any type of temperature sensing over a −55°C to 150°C temperature range. The low impedance and linear output make interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy.

The LM135 operates over a −55°C to 150°C temperature range while the LM235 operates over a −40°C to 125°C temperature range. The LM335 operates from −40°C to 100°C.

Operating as a 2-terminal zener, the LM135 has a breakdown voltage directly proportional to absolute temperature at 10 mV/°K. With less than 1-Ω dynamic impedance, the device operates over a current range of 400 μA to 5 mA with virtually no change in performance. When calibrated at 25°C, the LM135 has typically less than 1°C error over a 100°C temperature range. Unlike other sensors, the LM135 has a linear output.

7.2 Functional Block Diagram


7.3 Feature Description

7.3.1 Temperature Calibration Using ADJ Pin

Included on the LM135 chip is an easy method of calibrating the device for higher accuracies. A pot connected across the LM135 with the arm tied to the adjustment terminal (as shown in Figure 12) allows a 1-point calibration of the sensor that corrects for inaccuracy over the full temperature range.

This single point calibration works because the output of the LM135 is proportional to absolute temperature with the extrapolated output of sensor going to 0-V output at 0 K (−273.15°C). Errors in output voltage versus temperature are only slope (or scale factor) errors so a slope calibration at one temperature corrects at all temperatures.

The output of the device (calibrated or uncalibrated) can be expressed as:

Equation 1. 569838.png


  • T is the unknown temperature in degrees Kelvin
  • To is a reference temperature in degrees Kelvin

By calibrating the output to read correctly at one temperature the output at all temperatures is correct. Nominally the output is calibrated at 10 mV/K.

Calibrate for 2.982V at 25°C
Figure 12. Calibrated Sensor

7.4 Device Functional Modes

The LM135 has two functional modes calibrated and uncalibrated. For optimum accuracy, a one point calibration is recommended. For more information on calibration, see Temperature Calibration Using ADJ Pin.