SNVS953G December   2012  – May 2021 LM25018


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Characteristics
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Control Overview
      2. 7.3.2  VCC Regulator
      3. 7.3.3  Regulation Comparator
      4. 7.3.4  Overvoltage Comparator
      5. 7.3.5  On-Time Generator
      6. 7.3.6  Current Limit
      7. 7.3.7  N-Channel Buck Switch and Driver
      8. 7.3.8  Synchronous Rectifier
      9. 7.3.9  Undervoltage Detector
      10. 7.3.10 Thermal Protection
      11. 7.3.11 Ripple Configuration
      12. 7.3.12 Soft Start
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Application Circuit: 12.5-V to 48-V Input and 10-V, 325-mA Output Buck Converter
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
          2. RFB1, RFB2
          3. Frequency Selection
          4. Inductor Selection
          5. Output Capacitor
          6. Type III Ripple Circuit
          7. VCC and Bootstrap Capacitor
          8. Input Capacitor
          9. UVLO Resistors
      2. 8.2.2 Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 Typical Isolated DC-DC Converter Using LM25018
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1.  Transformer Turns Ratio
          2.  Total IOUT
          3.  RFB1, RFB2
          4.  Frequency Selection
          5.  Transformer Selection
          6.  Primary Output Capacitor
          7.  Secondary Output Capacitor
          8.  Type III Feedback Ripple Circuit
          9.  Secondary Diode
          10. VCC and Bootstrap Capacitor
          11. Input Capacitor
          12. UVLO Resistors
          13. VCC Diode
        3. Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 11.1.2 Development Support
        1. Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Support Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Control Overview

The LM25018 buck regulator employs a control principle based on a comparator and a one-shot on-timer, with the output voltage feedback (FB) compared to an internal reference (1.225 V). If the FB voltage is below the reference, the internal buck switch is turned on for the one-shot timer period, which is a function of the input voltage and the programming resistor (RON). Following the on-time, the switch remains off until the FB voltage falls below the reference, but never before the minimum off-time forced by the minimum off-time one-shot timer. When the FB pin voltage falls below the reference and the minimum off-time one-shot period expires, the buck switch is turned on for another on-time one-shot period. This continues until regulation is achieved and the FB voltage is approximately equal to 1.225 V (typ).

In a synchronous buck converter, the low-side (sync) FET is on when the high-side (buck) FET is off. The inductor current ramps up when the high-side switch is on and ramps down when the high-side switch is off. There is no diode emulation feature in this IC, therefore, the inductor current can ramp in the negative direction at light load. This causes the converter to operate in continuous conduction mode (CCM) regardless of the output loading. The operating frequency remains relatively constant with load and line variations. The operating frequency can be calculated as shown in Equation 1.

Equation 1. GUID-5DA34307-014D-41C1-A954-3660B83B90A8-low.gif

The output voltage (VOUT) is set by two external resistors (RFB1 and RFB2). The regulated output voltage is calculated as shown in Equation 2.

Equation 2. GUID-39D86EA5-6F0C-4433-9C48-550CF25866C8-low.gif

This regulator regulates the output voltage based on ripple voltage at the feedback input, requiring a minimum amount of ESR for the output capacitor (COUT). A minimum of 25 mV of ripple voltage at the feedback pin (FB) is required for the LM25018. In cases where the capacitor ESR is too small, additional series resistance can be required (RC in Figure 7-1).

For applications where lower output voltage ripple is required, the output can be taken directly from a low ESR output capacitor, as shown in Figure 7-1. However, RC slightly degrades the load regulation.

GUID-92B41E31-9F37-4BFF-A1E8-85A027BC0DBC-low.gifFigure 7-1 Low Ripple Output Configuration