The voltage regulation loop in the LM76002-Q1/LM76003-Q1 regulates the FB voltage to be the same as the internal reference voltage. The output voltage of the LM76002-Q1/LM76003-Q1 is set by a resistor divider to program the ratio from VOUT to VFB. The resistor divider is connected from the output node to ground with the mid-point connecting to the FB pin.
The voltage reference system produces a precise ±1% voltage reference over temperature. TI recommends using divider resistors with 1% tolerance or better with temperature coefficient of 100 ppm or lower. Selection of RFBT equal or lower than 100 kΩ is also recommended. RFBB can be calculated by Equation 1:
Larger RFBT and RFBB values reduce the current that goes through the divider, thus helping to increase light load efficiency. However, larger values also make the feedback path more susceptible to noise. If efficiency at very light load is not critical in a certain application, TI recommends RFBT = 10 kΩ to 100 kΩ. If the resistor divider is not connected properly, output voltage cannot be regulated because the feedback loop is broken. If the FB pin is shorted to ground or disconnected, the output voltage is driven close to VIN because the regulator detects very low voltage on the FB node. The load connected to VOUT could be damaged in this case. It is important to route the feedback trace away from the noisy area of the PCB. For more layout recommendations, see Layout.
The minimum output voltage achievable equals VFB, with RFBB open. The maximum VOUT is limited by the maximum duty cycle at a given frequency:
Ideally, without frequency foldback, VOUT_MAX = VIN_MIN × DMAX
Maximum output voltage with frequency foldback can be estimated using Equation 3: