The switching frequency of the LM76002/LM76003 can be programmed by the impedance RT from the RT pin to ground. The frequency is inversely proportional to the RT resistance. The RT pin can be left floating, and the LM76002/LM76003 operates at 500-kHz default switching frequency. The RT pin is not designed to be shorted to ground.
For an desired frequency, RT can be found by:
|SWITCHING FREQUENCY (kHz)||RT RESISTANCE (kΩ)|
The LM76002/LM76003 switching action can also be synchronized to an external clock from 300 kHz to 2.2 MHz. TI recommends connecting an external clock to the SYNC pin with appropriate termination resistor. Ground the SYNC pin if not used.
The recommendations for the external clock include high level no lower than 2 V, low level no higher than 0.4 V, duty cycle between 10% and 90%, and both positive and negative pulse width no shorter than 80 ns. When the external clock fails at logic high or low, the LM76002/LM76003 switches at the frequency programmed by the RT resistor after a time-out period. TI recommends connecting a resistor RT to the RT pin so that the internal oscillator frequency is the same as the target clock frequency when the LM76002/LM76003 is synchronized to an external clock. This allows the regulator to continue operating at approximately the same switching frequency if the external clock fails.
The choice of switching frequency is usually a compromise between conversion efficiency and the size of the circuit. Lower switching frequency implies reduced switching losses (including gate charge losses, switch transition losses, etc.) and usually results in higher overall efficiency. However, higher switching frequency allows use of smaller LC output filters and hence a more compact design. Lower inductance also helps transient response (higher large signal slew rate of inductor current), and reduces the DCR loss. The optimal switching frequency is usually a trade-off in a given application and thus needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis. It is related to the input voltage, output voltage, most frequent load current level(s), external component choices, and circuit size requirement. The choice of switching frequency may also be limited if an operating condition triggers tON-MIN or tOFF-MIN.