SNVSAK0A October   2017  – October 2019 LM76002 , LM76003


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Simplified Schematic
    2.     Efficiency vs Output Current (VOUT = 5 V, fSW = 400 kHz, Auto Mode)
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Timing Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Switching Characteristics
    8. 6.8 System Characteristics
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Fixed-Frequency, Peak-Current-Mode Control
      2. 7.3.2  Light Load Operation Modes — PFM and FPWM
      3. 7.3.3  Adjustable Output Voltage
      4. 7.3.4  Enable (EN Pin) and UVLO
      5. 7.3.5  Internal LDO, VCC UVLO, and Bias Input
      6. 7.3.6  Soft Start and Voltage Tracking (SS/TRK)
      7. 7.3.7  Adjustable Switching Frequency (RT) and Frequency Synchronization
      8. 7.3.8  Minimum On-Time, Minimum Off-Time, and Frequency Foldback at Dropout Conditions
      9. 7.3.9  Internal Compensation and CFF
      10. 7.3.10 Bootstrap Voltage and VBOOT UVLO (BOOT Pin)
      11. 7.3.11 Power Good and Overvoltage Protection (PGOOD)
      12. 7.3.12 Overcurrent and Short-Circuit Protection
      13. 7.3.13 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Active Mode
      4. 7.4.4 CCM Mode
      5. 7.4.5 DCM Mode
      6. 7.4.6 Light Load Mode
      7. 7.4.7 Foldback Mode
      8. 7.4.8 Forced Pulse-Width-Modulation Mode
      9. 7.4.9 Self-Bias Mode
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
        2.  Output Voltage Setpoint
        3.  Switching Frequency
        4.  Input Capacitors
        5.  Inductor Selection
        6.  Output Capacitor Selection
        7.  Feed-Forward Capacitor
        8.  Bootstrap Capacitors
        9.  VCC Capacitors
        10. BIAS Capacitors
        11. Soft-Start Capacitors
        12. Undervoltage Lockout Setpoint
        13. PGOOD
        14. Synchronization
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Layout Highlights
      2. 10.1.2 Compact Layout for EMI Reduction
      3. 10.1.3 Ground Plane and Thermal Considerations
      4. 10.1.4 Feedback Resistors
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Thermal Design
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Light Load Operation Modes — PFM and FPWM

DCM operation is employed in the LM76002/LM76003 when the inductor current valley reaches zero. The LM76002/LM76003 is in DCM when load current is less than half of the peak-to-peak inductor current ripple in CCM. In DCM, the LS switch is turned off when the inductor current reaches zero. Switching loss is reduced by turning off the LS FET at zero current, and the conduction loss is lowered by not allowing negative current conduction. Power conversion efficiency is higher in DCM than CCM under the same conditions.

In DCM, the HS switch on-time reduces with lower load current. When either the minimum HS switch on-time (tON-MIN) or the minimum peak inductor current (IPEAK-MIN) is reached, the switching frequency decreases to maintain regulation. At this point, the LM76002/LM76003 operates in PFM. In PFM, switching frequency is decreased by the control loop when load current reduces to maintain output voltage regulation. Switching loss is further reduced in PFM operation due to less frequent switching actions.

In PFM operation, a small positive DC offset is required at the output voltage to activate the PFM detector. The lower the frequency is in PFM, the more DC offset is needed at VOUT. See Typical Characteristics for typical DC offset at very light load. If the DC offset on VOUT is not acceptable for a given application, TI recommends a static load at output to reduce or eliminate the offset. Lowering values of the feedback divider RFBT and RFBB can also serve as a static load. In conditions with low VIN and/or high frequency, the LM76002/LM76003 may not enter PFM mode if the output voltage cannot be charged up to provide the trigger to activate the PFM detector. Once the LM76002/LM76003 is operating in PFM mode at higher VIN, it remains in PFM operation when VIN is reduced.

Alternatively, the device can run in a forced pulse-width-modulation (FPWM) mode where the switching frequency does not lower with load, and no offset is added to affect the VOUT accuracy unless the minimum on-time of the converter is reached.