SNVS420D November 2008 – May 2018 LM7705
This sensor application produces a DC signal, amplified by a two cascaded op amps, having a single supply. The output voltage of the second op amp is converted to the digital domain. Figure 25 shows the basic setup of this application.
The sensor generates a DC output signal. In this case, a DC coupled, 2-stage amplifier is used. The output voltage swing of the second op amp must me matched to the input voltage range of the Analog to Digital Converter (ADC). For the high side of the range this can be done by adjusting the gain of the op amp. However, the low side of the range can’t be adjusted and is affected by the output drive of the op amp.
Assume; the output voltage range of the sensor is 0 to 90 mV. The available op amp is a LMP7702 (Dual LMP7701 op amp) that can be used for A1 and A2. The op amp is using a 0/+5-V supply voltage, having an output drive of 50 mV from both rails. This results in an output range of 50 mV to 4.95 V for each individual amplifier.
Select two resistors values for RG1 and RF1 that result in a gain of 10x for the first stage (A1) and a gain of 5x for the second stage (A2) The output of the A2 in the LMP7702 must swing from 0V to 4.5 V. This swing is limited by the 2 different factors:
When using a 12-bit ADC, and a reference voltage of 5 Volt (having an ADC step size of approximate 1.2 mV), the output saturation results in a loss of the lower 400 quantization levels of the ADCs dynamic range. This will cause a major non-linearity in the sensor reading.