SNVS420D November   2008  – May 2018 LM7705


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Typical Application
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 3.3-V Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 5-V Electrical Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Supply Voltage
      2. 7.3.2 Output Voltage and Line Regulation
      3. 7.3.3 Output Current and Load Regulation
      4. 7.3.4 Quiescent Current
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 General Amplifier Application
        1. One-Stage, Single-Supply True Zero Amplifier
        2. Two-Stage, Single-Supply True Zero Amplifier
        3. Dual-Supply, True Zero Amplifiers
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Functional Description
      2. 8.1.2 Technical Description
      3. 8.1.3 Charge Pump Theory
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Basic Setup
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Community Resources
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Technical Description

As indicated in Functional Description, the main function of the LM7705 is to supply a stabilized negative bias voltage to a load, using only a positive supply voltage. A general block diagram for this charge pump inverter is given in Figure 28. The external power supply and load are added in this diagram as well.

LM7705 20173031.gifFigure 28. LM7705 Architecture

The architecture given in Figure 28 shows that the LM7705 contains 3 functional blocks:

  • Pre-regulator
  • Charge pump inverter
  • Post-regulator

The output voltage is stabilized by:

  • Controlling the power supplied from the power supply to the charge pump input by the pre-regulator
  • The power supplied from the charge pump output to the load by the post-regulator.

A more detailed block diagram of the negative bias generator is given in Figure 29. The control of the pre-regulator is based on measuring the output voltage of the charge pump. The goal of the post-regulator is to provide an accurate controlled negative voltage at the output, and acts as a lowpass filter to attenuate the output voltage ripple. The voltage ripple is a result of the switching behavior of the charge pump and is dependent of the output current and the values of the used capacitors.

LM7705 20173003.gifFigure 29. Charge Pump Inverter With Input and Output Control

In Charge Pump Theory, a simple equation will be derived that shows the relation between the ripple of the output current, the frequency of the internal clock generator and the value of the capacitor placed at the output of the LM7705.