SNVS420D November 2008 – May 2018 LM7705
This section will discuss a general DC coupled amplifier application. First, one of the limitations of a DC coupled amplifier is discussed. This is illustrated with two application examples. A solution is a given for solving this limitation by using the LM7705.
Due to the architecture of the output stage of general amplifiers, the output transistors will saturate. As a result, the output of a general purpose op amp can only swing to a few 100 mV of the supply rails. Amplifiers using CMOS technology do have a lower output saturation voltage. This is illustrated in Figure 22. For example, Texas Instruments' LM7332 can swing to 200 mV to the negative rail, for a 10-kΩ load, over all temperatures.
The introduction of operational amplifiers with output rail-to-rail drive capabilities is a strong improvement and the (output) performance of op amps is for many applications no longer a limiting factor. For example, Texas Instruments' LMP7701 (a typical rail-to-rail op amp), has an output drive capability of only 50 mV over all temperatures for a 10-kΩ load resistance. This is close to the lower supply voltage rail.
However, for true zero output applications with a single supply, the saturation voltage of the output stage is still a limiting factor. This limitation has a negative impact on the functionality of true zero output applications. This is illustrated in Figure 23.
In the One-Stage, Single-Supply True Zero Amplifier section, two applications will be discussed, showing the limitations of the output stage of an op amp in a single supply configuration: