The device is designed for supply voltage range of 4.5 V ≤ VIN ≤ 18 V. If the input supply is located more than a few inches from the device an input ceramic bypass capacitor higher than 0.1 μF is recommended. Power supply should be rated higher than the current limit set to avoid voltage droops during over current and short-circuit conditions.
In case of short circuit and over load current limit, when the device interrupts current flow, input inductance generates a positive voltage spike on the input and output inductance generates a negative voltage spike on the output. The peak amplitude of voltage spikes (transients) is dependent on value of inductance in series to the input or output of the device. Such transients can exceed the Absolute Maximum Ratings of the device if steps are not taken to address the issue.
Typical methods for addressing transients include
The circuit implementation with optional protection components (a ceramic capacitor, TVS and schottky diode) is shown in Figure 51.
It is difficult to obtain repeatable and similar short-circuit testing results. Source bypassing, input leads, circuit layout and component selection, output shorting method, relative location of the short, and instrumentation all contribute to variation in results. The actual short itself exhibits a certain degree of randomness as it microscopically bounces and arcs. Care in configuration and methods must be used to obtain realistic results. Do not expect to see waveforms exactly like those in the data sheet; every setup differs.