SBVS372B December 2018 – August 2019 TPS7A25
The device has an internal current limit circuit that protects the regulator during transient high-load current faults or shorting events. The current limit is a brickwall scheme. In a high-load current fault, the brickwall scheme limits the output current to the current limit (ICL). ICL is listed in the Electrical Characteristics table.
The output voltage is not regulated when the device is in current limit. When a current limit event occurs, the device begins to heat up because of the increase in power dissipation. When the device is in brickwall current limit, the pass transistor dissipates power [(VIN – VOUT) × ICL]. If thermal shutdown is triggered, the device turns off. After the device cools down, the internal thermal shutdown circuit turns the device back on. If the output current fault condition continues, the device cycles between current limit and thermal shutdown. For more information on current limits, see the Know Your Limits application report.
Figure 36 shows a diagram of the current limit.