SNLS448A January 2013 – October 2015 DS100RT410
The CML inputs and outputs have been optimized to work with interconnects using a controlled differential impedance of 100 Ω. It is preferable to route differential lines exclusively on one layer of the board, particularly for the input traces. The use of vias should be avoided if possible. If vias must be used, they should be used sparingly and must be placed symmetrically for each side of a given differential pair. Whenever differential vias are used the layout must also provide for a low inductance path for the return currents as well. Route the differential signals away from other signals and noise sources on the printed circuit board. See AN-1187 Leadless Leadframe Package (LLP) Application Report (SNOA401) for additional information on QFN (WQFN) packages.
To minimize the effects of crosstalk, a 5:1 ratio or greater should be maintained between inter-pair spacing.
Figure 10 depicts different transmission line topologies that can be used in various combinations to achieve the optimal system performance. Impedance discontinuities at the differential via can be minimized or eliminated by increasing the swell around each hole and providing for a low inductance return current path. When the via structure is associated with thick backplane PCB, further optimization such as back drilling is often used to reduce the detrimental high frequency effects of stubs on the signal path.