Stand-Alone Multi-Cell Li-Ion/Li-Polymer Precision Protector - BQ77908A

BQ77908A (NRND)

Stand-Alone Multi-Cell Li-Ion/Li-Polymer Precision Protector

Not Recommended for New Designs (NRND)

Replaced By BQ78350 – The device has SIMILAR FUNCTIONALITY but is not functionally equivalent to the compared device.  

TI does not recommend using this part in a new design. This product continues to be in production to support existing customers.

Description

The bq77908A is a battery protection and cell balancing device intended for Li-Ion and Li-Polymer battery packs.

The bq77908A monitors 4- to 8-series individual cell voltages and provides fast-acting outputs that may be used to drive N-channel MOSFETs to interrupt the power path. Activation delays and recovery methods for safety conditions are fully programmable in non-volatile memory.

Automatic cell balancing is provided using internal 50-mA cell circuits. A robust balancing algorithm ensures optimum performance by maintaining all cell voltages in balance. Balancing may be configured to operate at all times, only during charge, or can be disabled completely.

WARNING: The bq77908A-series integrated circuit helps system designers greatly enhance the safety of their Li-Ion and Li-Polymer battery packs when integrated effectively and in accordance with the instructions detailed in this document by technically qualified personnel familiar with battery pack application safety. This data sheet must be read in its entirety before working with the bq77908A.

Additional advanced safety features of the bq77908A include the ability to control split power-path MOSFETs, an open-cell sense-line detection mechanism, and the ability to detect an open or shorted external temperature sensor fault condition.

Programmable Protection Functions

  • Wide range of programmable detection thresholds and delay times
  • Configurable for multiple cell types and application requirements:
    • Cell overvoltage
    • Cell undervoltage
    • Pack discharge overcurrent
    • Pack discharge short circuit
    • Pack charge short-circuit current
  • Variable gain (×1 or ×5) current-sense circuit
    • Compatible with a wide range of current-sense resistors (1-mΩ to 5-mΩ typical) sized for application requirements

Fixed Hardware Protection Functions

  • Preset overtemperature protections
  • Open-cell detection
  • Open and shorted thermistor detection
  • Brownout protection quickly shuts off FETs under low-battery conditions to minimize the risk of FET overheating

Features

  • 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, or 8-Series Cell Protection
  • Individual Cell-Voltage Monitoring
  • Low-Side NMOS FET Drive for Charge and
    Discharge Control
  • Compatible With 1-mΩ Current-Sense Resistor
  • Supply-Voltage Range From 5.6 V to 40 V
  • Integrated 3.3-V Micro-Power LDO Regulator
  • Low Supply Current
    • Normal Mode: 50 µA, Typical
    • Shutdown Mode, LDO OFF: 5 µA, Typical
  • 38-Pin TSSOP Package
  • Internal 50-mA Automatic Cell Balancing

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