SBOS848B December 2017 – October 2019 INA381
In this example, the trade-offs involved in selecting a current-sensing resistor are discussed. This example requires 5% accuracy for detecting a 10-A overcurrent event under 20 µs where only 250 mW is allowable for the dissipation across the current-sensing resistor at the full-scale current level. Although the maximum power dissipation is defined as 250 mW, a lower dissipation is preferred to improve system efficiency. Given the total error budget of 5%, the INA381 total error is less than 1%. The INA381 is well suited for this application because up to 1% of error is available to be attributed to the measurement error of the device under these conditions.
As shown in Table 2, the maximum value calculated for the current-sensing resistor with these requirements is 2.5 mΩ. Although this value satisfies the maximum power dissipation requirement of 250 mW, headroom is available from the 2.5% maximum total overcurrent detection error to reduce the value of the current-sensing resistor and reduce the power dissipation further. Selecting a 1.5-mΩ, current-sensing resistor value offers a good tradeoff for reducing the power dissipation in this scenario by approximately 40% and still remaining within the accuracy region.
|PD_MAX||Maximum allowable power dissipation||250||mW|
|RSENSE_MAX||Maximum allowable RSENSE||PD_MAX / IMAX2||2.5||mΩ|
|VOS||Offset voltage, VCM = 12 V||500||µV|
|VOS_ERROR||Initial offset voltage error||(VOS / (RSENSE_MAX × IMAX ) × 100||2%|
|ERRORTOTAL||Total measurement error||√(VOS_ERROR2 + EG2)||2.23%|
|Allowable current threshold accuracy||5%|
|tp||Total system overcurrent response time||10||µs|
|Allowable overcurrent response||20||µs|