SLUSEG8B October   2021  – February 2022 LMR54406 , LMR54410

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7 System Characteristics
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Fixed Frequency Peak Current Mode Control
      2. 8.3.2 Adjustable Output Voltage
      3. 8.3.3 Enable
      4. 8.3.4 Minimum ON Time, Minimum OFF Time, and Frequency Foldback
      5. 8.3.5 Bootstrap Voltage
      6. 8.3.6 Overcurrent and Short Circuit Protection
      7. 8.3.7 Soft Start
      8. 8.3.8 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Active Mode
      3. 8.4.3 CCM Mode
      4. 8.4.4 Light Load Operation (PFM Version)
      5. 8.4.5 Light-Load Operation (FPWM Version)
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 Output Voltage Set-Point
        2. 9.2.2.2 Switching Frequency
        3. 9.2.2.3 Inductor Selection
        4. 9.2.2.4 Output Capacitor Selection
        5. 9.2.2.5 Input Capacitor Selection
        6. 9.2.2.6 Bootstrap Capacitor
        7. 9.2.2.7 Undervoltage Lockout Set-Point
        8. 9.2.2.8 Replacing Non Sync Converter
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 Compact Layout for EMI Reduction
      2. 11.1.2 Feedback Resistors
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Inductor Selection

The most critical parameters for the inductor are the inductance, saturation current, and the RMS current. The inductance is based on the desired peak-to-peak ripple current ΔiL. Since the ripple current increases with the input voltage, the maximum input voltage is always used to calculate the minimum inductance LMIN. Use Equation 9 to calculate the minimum value of the output inductor. KIND is a coefficient that represents the amount of inductor ripple current relative to the maximum output current of the device. A reasonable value of KIND must be 20% to 60% of maximum IOUT supported by converter. During an instantaneous overcurrent operation event, the RMS and peak inductor current can be high. The inductor saturation current must be higher than peak current limit level.

Equation 8. GUID-D2542F6C-BD25-4600-91E4-4B5EDD0D8F65-low.gif
Equation 9. GUID-7F1731E7-F1E2-4FEF-A6AE-60C8DF5311E4-low.gif

In general, it is preferable to choose lower inductance in switching power supplies, because it usually corresponds to faster transient response, smaller DCR, and reduced size for more compact designs. Too low of an inductance can generate too large of an inductor current ripple such that overcurrent protection at the full load can be falsely triggered. It also generates more inductor core loss since the current ripple is larger. Larger inductor current ripple also implies larger output voltage ripple with the same output capacitors. With peak current mode control, it is recommended to have adequate amount of inductor ripple current. A larger inductor ripple current improves the comparator signal-to-noise ratio.

For this design example, choose KIND = 0.4. The minimum inductor value is calculated to be 15.36 µH. Choose the nearest standard 15-µH ferrite inductor with a capability of 1.5-A RMS current and 2.5-A saturation current.